• V D Nageswara Sastry

      Articles written in Proceedings – Section A

    • Reactivity of the double bond in coumarins and related unsaturated carbonyl compounds - Part IX. Addition of cyanoacetamide to coumarins with electronattracting groups in the 3-position

      V D Nageswara Sastry T R Seshadri

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      Addition of cyanoacetamide to coumarins having substituents in the 3-position, such as the carbonyl, cyano and phenyl which are electronattracting, has been studied. Unlike alkyl groups and bromine atoms they do not in general inhibit addition. The following coumarins have been employed: (1) 3-acetyl-coumarin, (2) 3-benzoyl-coumarin, (3) 3-carbethoxy-coumarin, (4) coumarin-3-carboxylic acid, (5) 3-cyano-coumarin, and (6) 3-phenyl-coumarin. The speed of the reaction and the yield of the product depend upon (a) the activating capacity of the substituent group and (b) the readiness with which it can be eliminated under the experimental conditions. Compounds (1) and (2) give poor yields of the products; (3) combines with 2 molecules of cyano-acetamide; (4) resembles coumarin due to ready decarboxylation; (5) reacts without complications; (6) does not react. Among other additive compounds tested cyanoacetic ester reacts satisfactorily with 3-cyano-coumarin. 3-Acetyl-coumarin seems to undergo polymerisation and deacetylation to form dihydro-dicoumarinyl in the presence of piperdine.

      Convenient methods for the preparation of 3-cyanocoumarin, coumarin-3-carboxylic acid and its piperidide have been investigated.

    • Constitution of oroxylin-A and synthesis of its diethyl-ether

      L Ramachandra Row V D Nageswara Sastry T R Seshadri T R Thiruvengadam

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      The experiments described in this paper show that a pure sample of oroxylin-A melts at 219–20° (acetate, 139–40°), that the substance melting at 231–32° is a mixture of it with chrysin and that this mixture could be separated by fractionation of the acetates. The constitution of oroxylin-A as the 6-methyl ether of baicalein is confirmed by ethylating it to the diethyl ether and showing that the product is identical with a synthetic sample of 6-methoxy-5 ∶ 7-diethoxy flavone. The details of the synthesis are given.

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