Articles written in Sadhana

    • Selection of keyframes for video colourization using steerable filtering


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      The appropriate selection of distinctive keyframes to represent the salient contents of a video is a critical task in video processing applications that rely on content analysis or information retrieval. Although many of the existing keyframe selection techniques perform satisfactorily in capturing salient visual contents,they often fail to adequately highlight the changes in visual information brought about by motion of objects between frames. In this paper, we propose a technique for keyframe selection by formulating the dissimilarity between the frames of a video shot in terms of the change in orientations that the corresponding objects of the two frames have undergone due to motion. This is accomplished by steerable filtering of the frames in order to extract the information about the local orientation of pixels within each frame. The frame to frame dissimilarity is adaptively thresholded over a group of frames in order to select the keyframes. In essence, keyframes areselected at the temporal instances where the change in orientation attains local maxima. Our keyframe selection methodology is specifically relevant to video colourization due to the fact that the keyframes that are to be employed for colourization must be chosen such that they capture all orientational changes effectively, while ensuring adequate content coverage.

    • A novel non-customary method of image compression based on image spectrum


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      Compression of multimedia content is an important processing step and backbone of real life applications in terms of optimum resource utilization in transmission and storage. It is an established field of research with very little scope for further improvement in achieved compression through customary codingbased compression techniques. Consequently, non-customary compression methods have become an important area for future research. Based on the principle ‘Any information that can be restored can be compressed’, we propose a novel spectrum-based image compression technique to further reduce the data footprint with satisfactory quality metric for images. We first blur the image with a point spread function (PSF) determined usingfrequency content of the given image. Blurring increases the DC component in the image, which in turn gets further compressed compared with original image by DCT-based JPEG compression. To recover the image, we perform deconvolution using the known blur PSF. Results obtained show further improvement of 20 - 30% in achieved compression with respect to original JPEG compressed image with satisfactory quality of recovered image.

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