Articles written in Sadhana

    • A static risk assessment model for underwater shield tunnel construction


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      The shield method is widely used in underwater tunnel construction. However, the shield construction process faces many uncertain risk factors that increase the level of safety risk during shield tunnel construction. Therefore, risk assessment has become a necessary task in the early stages of tunnel construction.In this study, a new risk assessment model for underwater shield tunnel construction is proposed that combines a normal cloud model with an entropy weight method. The model contains 20 assessment indexes and gives therange of each index corresponding to different risk levels, which comprehensively reflects the influencing factors of risk. By using a normal cloud model, the fuzziness and randomness of risk assessment data are taken into account effectively, and the reliability of assessment results is increased. Based on an entropy weight method, the rules and characteristics of the evaluation data in the model are considered, and the weight coefficient of the evaluation index is determined to avoid the subjectivity of the expert weight method. The risk assessment model is applied using the Xiangjiang shield tunnel as an example. The results show that the overall construction risk level of the Xiangjiang tunnel is level II, which is consistent with the site risk situation and shows that the modelcan objectively and accurately evaluate the construction risk level of an underwater shield tunnel

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