Articles written in Sadhana

    • A mixed integer linear programming model for the vehicle routing problem with simultaneous delivery and pickup by heterogeneous vehicles, and constrained by time windows


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      In this work, we consider the Vehicle Routing Problem with Simultaneous Delivery and Pickup, and constrained by time windows, to improve the performance and responsiveness of the supply chain by transporting goods from one location to another location in an efficient manner. In this class of problem, each customer demands a quantity to be delivered as a part of the forward supply service and another quantity to be picked up as a part of the reverse recycling service, and the complete service has to be done simultaneously in a single visit of a vehicle, and the objective is to minimize the total cost, which includes the traveling cost anddispatching cost for operating vehicles. We propose a Mixed Integer Linear Programming (MILP) model for solving this class of problem. In order to evaluate the performance of the proposed MILP model, a comparison study is made between the proposed MILP model and an existing MILP model available in the literature, with the consideration of heterogeneous vehicles. Our study indicates that the proposed MILP model gives tighter lower bound and also performs better in terms of the execution time to solve each of the randomly generatedproblem instances, in comparison with the existing MILP model. In addition, we also compare the proposed MILP model (assuming homogeneous vehicles) with the existing MILP model that also considers homogeneous vehicles. The results of the computational evaluation indicate that the proposed MILP model gives much tighter lower bound, and it is competitive to the existing MILP model in terms of the execution time to solve each of the randomly generated problem instances.

    • Permutation flowshop scheduling to obtain the optimal solution/a lower bound with the makespan objective


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      This paper focuses on developing the optimal solution or a lower bound for N-job, M-machine Permutation Flowshop Scheduling (PFS) problem in a manufacturing system with the objective of minimizing the makespan using Lagrangian Relaxation (LR) technique. Even though LR technique is considered, in general,as a good method to obtain a lower bound, research in this direction with respect to our problem under study appears scarce. We address this gap by developing two MILP based Lagrangian Relaxation models, namely, Lagrangian Relaxation Method 1 (called Proposed Lagrangian Lower Bound Program (PLLBP)) and Alternate Lagrangian Relaxation Method 1 (called ALR) to find the optimal solution or a lower bound on the makespan. Basically, we develop these LR methods to overcome the possible limitation of the general LR procedureinvolving the sub-gradient approach. Benchmark PFS problem instances are used to evaluate the performance of these methods. It is observed that the PLLBP outperforms the ALR, and it provides better lower bounds than thelower bounds (in most instances) reported in the literature. Even though the PLLBP is superior in terms of solution quality, it has a limitation in that it cannot execute problem instances beyond 500 jobs due to the associated computational effort.

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