• S K Ray

      Articles written in Sadhana

    • Solidification control in continuous casting of steel

      S Mazumdar S K Ray

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      An integrated understanding of heat transfer during solidification, friction/lubrication at solid-liquid interface, high temperature properties of the solidifying shell etc. is necessary to control the continuous casting process. The present paper elaborates upon the knowledge developed in the areas of initial shell formation, mode of mould oscillation, and lubrication mechanism. The effect of these issues on the caster productivity and the quality of the product has been discussed. The influence of steel chemistry on solidification dynamics, particularly with respect to mode of solidification and its consequence on strength and ductility of the solidifying shell, has been dealt with in detail. The application of these basic principles for casting of stainless steel slabs and processing to obtain good quality products have been covered.

    • Recent trends in repair and refurbishing of steam turbine components

      A K Bhaduri S K Albert S K Ray P Rodriguez

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      The repair and refurbishing of steam generator components is discussed from the perspective of repair welding philosophy including applicable codes and regulations. Some case histories of repair welding of steam generator components are discussed with special emphasis on details of repair welding of cracked steam turbine blades and shrouds in some of the commercial nuclear power plants using procedures developed.

    • Optimisation of post-weld heat treatment — A simple, practical method

      P Rodriguez S K Ray A K Bhaduri

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      The authors have evolved an empirical method for characterizing resistance to ductile fracture using two parameters Γf andηf that can be determined from tensile test data of smooth cylindrical specimens. This method stipulates that the post-necking regime during tensile deformation is dominated by microvoid growth and coalescence processes, and therefore the energy absorbed in this regime can be used to estimate the resistance of the necked region to ductile fracture. The test procedure employed is simple and does not require gauge-length extensometry, a distinct advantage at non-ambient temperatures. The tests are carried out in a screw-driven machine at a constant crosshead speed, with online computerized acquisition of load-time data; it is also necessary to have a prior precise calibration for the (nonlinear) elastic deformation of the load train. The method of computing Γf and ηf, from tensile data is described, and its engineering application demonstrated by characterizing the effect of ageing of two dissimilar metal welds, namely Alloy 800/2.25Cr-lMo steel and Alloy 800/9Cr-1Mo steel. From these results, it has been established that this procedure of estimating the ductile fracture toughness from tensile tests can be used as a simple, practical method for optimisation of post-weld heat treatment of weld joints.

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