Articles written in Sadhana
Volume 17 Issue 3-4 September 1992 pp 431-449 Emerging Optoelectronic Technologies
Integrated optoelectronics using III–V compound semiconductor technology has so far shown exciting advances for application in optical telecommunication systems. New applications of this technology are in optical interconnections and signal processing systems. The technology is expected to be very effective in solving the wiring limit in data transmission within electronic systems, using the advantages of optical techniques such as high data transmission rate and high parallelism, and thus improve the performance of overall systems. Optical interconnection devices currently being developed aim both at multiplexing vast amounts of data and exhibiting flexible interconnection functions using the advantageous characteristics of light. Future research is expected to explore new techniques such as that for multiplexing and processing data in the wavelength division as well as for integrating functional devices in two-dimensions. Synergetic collaboration among materials and processing, design and fabrication, and packaging areas is extremely important and this will lead to practical optical interconnections and signal processing systems.