Articles written in Sadhana
Volume 44 Issue 3 March 2019 Article ID 0064
Wideband designs of rectangular microstrip antennas embedded with three rectangular slots are proposed. These slots modify resonance frequencies of patch’s TM₁₀, TM₀₂ and TM₁₁ mode, to give bandwidth of more than 500 MHz (>50%). Further, pair of slots cut variations of rectangular patch with three slots is proposed. Additional pair of slots tune the next higher order TM₁₂ mode frequency with respect to modified lower order resonant modes, resulting in further increase in bandwidth of more than 600 MHz ([55%). Increased bandwidth obtained in the proposed designs is more than that obtained from equivalent E-shape and U-slot cut patches. As compared with Ψ-shape patch antenna, the proposed configurations yield wider bandwidth with 38% reduction in patch size.