• C Lakshmana Rao

      Articles written in Sadhana

    • Numerical modelling of failure of cement concrete using a unit cell approach

      M D Ghouse C Lakshmana Rao B N Rao

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      In this paper, a unit cell based approach is followed, where a unit cell consisting of one aggregate surrounded by mortar matrix is used for numerical simulation of mechanical response of cement concrete. Unit cell approach is a simple mathematical approximation that helps us to simplify the simulation of mechanical response of multi-phase composites. To model the failure of matrix, brittle cracking model is used, where the entire fracture zone is represented by a band of micro cracked material. Current study involves;

      failure analysis of the concrete unit cell when it is subjected to tensile loads, and

      parametric study of variation of peak strength with shape and volume fraction of aggregate.

      In this study, circular and square aggregates at various orientations are modelled. The simulation results predict that the peak tensile stresses are not very sensitive to the volume fraction of aggregates, when the unit cell is subjected to tensile loads. This paper effectively demonstrates the power of unit cell model in simulating the nonlinear mechanical response of cement concrete when it is subjected to tensile loading.

    • Simulation of depth of penetration during ballistic impact on thick targets using a one-dimensional discrete element model

      Rajesh P Nair C Lakshmana Rao

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      One-dimensional discrete element model for the ballistic impact is used to determine the depth of penetration of a bullet on a thick target. Discrete Element Method (DEM) is a numerical tool where a continuum is modelled as a network of masses connected by normal springs. A one-dimensional discrete element model is developed to obtain the displacements and forces associated with the ballistic impact on a thick target. The depth of penetration of the penetrator into the target is calculated from these DEM results. The simulated results of depth of penetration are found to be in reasonable agreement with the simulation results of other numerical approaches that are available in the literature.

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