Articles written in Sadhana
Volume 39 Issue 5 October 2014 pp 1035-1053
This paper investigates the effect of different cutting parameters (cutting speed, feed rate, and depth of cut) on surface integrity defined in terms of surface roughness and microhardness in dry hard turning process. The workpiece material used was hardened alloy steel AISI 52100 and it was machined on a CNC lathe with coated carbide tool under different settings of cutting parameters. Three cutting parameters each at three levels were considered in the study. Central composite design (CCD) of experiment was used to collect experimental data for surface roughness and microhardness. Statistical analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed to determine significance of the cutting parameters. The results were analysed using an effective procedure of response surface methodology (RSM) to determine optimal values of cutting parameters. Several diagnostic tests were also performed to check the validity of assumptions. The results indicated that feed rate is the dominant factor affecting the surface roughness whereas the cutting speed is found to be the dominant factor affecting the microhardness. Results also revealed that within the range investigated, good surface integrity is achieved when feed rate and depth of cut are near their low levels and cutting speed is at high level. Finally, the optimal cutting parameters and model equations to predict the surface roughness and microhardness are proposed.
Volume 40 Issue 2 April 2015 pp 335-350 Electrical and Computer Sciences
Some new invariants like chain string, link identiﬁcation string, loop participation of joint frequency string and loop size frequency string of simple jointed kinematic chains are presented. The ﬁrst step of the proposed method is to identify all possible loops of a kinematic chain and then these new invariants are developed. A modiﬁed loop-joint approach is proposed in this work as compared to the previous work in literature where loop-link matrix is formulated to search all the loops present in a kinematic chain. A computer program has been developed for formulating loop-joint matrix of kinematic chain and its all invariants. This method takes into consideration all the loops present, associated joints and links and is able to test isomorphism among kinematic chains and their inversions and also to detect type of mobility of multi degree of freedom kinematic chains. The proposed method is successfully tested for all kinematic chains upto ﬁve independent loops having any number of degree of freedom and no counter example is found. The detailed results of 9-link, M = 2 (mobility) and 10 link, M = 3 kinematic chains are provided with ﬁve types of mobility and results are in accordance with the results published in literature. The method is also explained with the help of some complex examples and presented in this paper.