AMIT KUMAR JAIN
Articles written in Sadhana
Volume 42 Issue 8 August 2017 pp 1275-1283
Induction motor (IM) is a workhorse of the industry, whose dynamics can be modified close to that of a separately excited DC machine by field-oriented control technique, which is commonly known as vector control of induction machine. This paper presents a complete performance of the field-oriented control of IM drive in all four quadrants with a single-current-sensor-based active front end converter whose work is to regulate DC link voltage, draw pure sinusoidal currents at unity power factor and to facilitate bi-directional power flow between the grid and the drive. The entire system is completely modelled in MATLAB/SIMULINK and the results are discussed in detail. The vector control analogy of the back to back converters is highlighted along with the experimental results of field-oriented control of induction machine using a dsPIC30F6010A digital signal controller.
Volume 42 Issue 12 December 2017 pp 2099-2112
Conventionally, two AC side current sensors are needed in vector control of grid side converter for AC–DC bidirectional power conversion. The present paper proposes a technique where the control can be achieved with the use of only one AC side current sensor. The control principle utilises the information of unsensedsecond current sensor for its estimation, which is embedded and readily available in conventional control technique itself. In the proposed method, the grid side d–q axis reference currents of the current controllers are used for estimation of b-axis component of grid current, while the a-axis component of grid current is calculated by one AC side current sensor. Effect of voltage unbalance on the control is also studied in this paper. The proposed control is validated with detailed simulation and experimental observations for both steady-state andtransient conditions. The proposed control gives satisfactory performance.
Volume 43 Issue 4 April 2018 Article ID 0050
Maximum Torque Per Ampere is the commonly used technique for operating interior permanent magnet (IPM) motor while little work is reported towards maximum power-factor operation i.e., Maximum Power Per Volt-Ampere (MPVA). The MPVA operation allows maximum-utilization of the drive-system. Thecontrol technique is developed using detailed mathematical model of IPM motor in MPVA, and the solution to the quartic equations involved is derived and analyzed. The solution is utilized to develop LUT for implementation of MPVA control. The comparison of MTPA and MPVA technique is established to demonstrate itsmerits and demerits. The proposed algorithm is supported by simulation and experimental results on a 5.5 KW vector controlled IPM drive.
Volume 43 Issue 4 April 2018 Article ID 0054
This paper presents a simplified current minimizing technique for Interior Permanent Magnet (IPM) motor. This is primarily achieved by utilizing normalized 2D-Look Up Table (LUT) that is parameter independent except for saliency ratio. In addition, torque-flux reference frame is considered for implementation to reduce the complexity generally present in conventional methods utilizing ids - iqs current reference frame. The proposed algorithm also incorporates both the aspects that lead to field weakening operation, i.e., increase in speed and reduction of dc link voltage. A novel compensation method for incorporating saturation effect is also addressed. The current minimizing technique is analyzed in detail, supported by experimental results.
Volume 43 Issue 6 June 2018 Article ID 0085
The presence of diode rectifier in standalone Doubly Fed Induction Generator-Direct Current (DFIGDC) system leads to considerable current, voltage and torque harmonics and requires reactive power from the machine. A unique shunt active filter arrangement is proposed for addressing these requirements. The DC Link ofDFIG-DC itself acts as input to shunt active filter and there is no requirement of creating and regulating a separate one. Since the stator flux reference frame is known in FOC of DFIG-DC system; the same can be used as PLL for thegeneration of current references for harmonics and reactive compensation in active filter control scheme. Hence, the AC voltage sensing is not needed in the proposed active filter control. In this paper, it is shown that current, voltageand torque harmonics are reduced with the help of shunt active filter, which have lower rating compared to the rotor side converter. The proposed scheme is verified by detailed experiments on a 5.5 kW slip-ring induction machine.
Volume 44 Issue 1 January 2019 Article ID 0024
Maximum Torque Per Voltage trajectory has been utilized only during field weakening operation of Interior Permanent Magnet (IPM) motor. In this paper, the voltage minimization control from zero-speed is proposed. Voltage minimization results in maximum torque per voltage control of IPM motor. The control implementation is also simple in comparison to current minimization, as the operation is always along the current-limit locus irrespective of operation in field-weakening. Voltage minimization technique minimizes the core losses whereas current minimization would minimize the copper losses. The mathematical model of IPM motor following voltage minimization is derived and the solution to the 4th order quartic equations is obtained using Ferrari’s method. The solution obtained is utilized to develop a look-up table for vector control of IPM motor. A comparative analysis of voltage minimization and current minimization is established which is supported by simulation results and demonstrated by detailed experimental results.