Articles written in Sadhana

    • Analysis and design of broadband U-slot cut rectangular microstrip antennas


      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      Broadband microstrip antenna using variations of U-slot has been widely reported. However, in most of the reported work, an in-depth explanation about the mode introduced by U-slot and procedure to design U-slot cut antennas at any given frequency is not explained. In this paper, first an extensive analysis to study thebroadband response in symmetrical and a new configuration of asymmetrical U-slot cut rectangular microstrip antennas is presented. The U-slot tunes higher-order orthogonal mode resonance frequency of the patch with respect to fundamental mode to realise wider bandwidth. Further formulation in resonant length at modified patch modes in symmetrical U-slot cut antenna is proposed. Frequencies calculated using these formulations show closer agreement with simulated and measured results. Using proposed formulations, a procedure to design U-slot cut antenna at different frequencies over 800–4000 MHz range which shows broadband response is explained. Thus, the proposed work gives an insight into the functioning of widely used U-slot cut antennas and the formulations will be helpful for designing at any given frequency

    • Modified designs of broadband E-shape microstrip antennas


      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      Wideband designs of rectangular microstrip antennas embedded with three rectangular slots are proposed. These slots modify resonance frequencies of patch’s TM₁₀, TM₀₂ and TM₁₁ mode, to give bandwidth of more than 500 MHz (>50%). Further, pair of slots cut variations of rectangular patch with three slots is proposed. Additional pair of slots tune the next higher order TM₁₂ mode frequency with respect to modified lower order resonant modes, resulting in further increase in bandwidth of more than 600 MHz ([55%). Increased bandwidth obtained in the proposed designs is more than that obtained from equivalent E-shape and U-slot cut patches. As compared with Ψ-shape patch antenna, the proposed configurations yield wider bandwidth with 38% reduction in patch size.

  • Sadhana | News

    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

© 2017-2019 Indian Academy of Sciences, Bengaluru.