Articles written in Sadhana

    • Investigations on the influence of matrix and textile on the response of textile reinforced concrete slabs under impact loading


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      Textile Reinforced Concrete (TRC) is gaining its popularity as a construction material. It is essential to investigate new materials to quantify its expected structural performance and integrity. The purposed study is to investigate the influence of material type and volume fraction of textile and type of matrix on theimpact behaviour of textile reinforced concrete slabs. Both glass and basalt textiles were used in the investigations. Based on the investigations, it is concluded that the type of binder influences the impact resistance at first crack as well as the delamination possibility. Glass textile reinforced concrete slabs show more displacement and more residual capacity compared to basalt textile reinforced concrete slabs. With increased number of layers, the basalt textile reinforced concrete slabs exhibited decrease in impact resistance due to delamination.As energy level increases, glass textile reinforced slabs show increase in peak displacement whereas basalt textile reinforced concrete slabs show a decrease. The investigations reported will be useful for extending the knowledge of textile reinforced concrete for various impact resistant applications.

    • Synergy of hybrid textile reinforced concrete under impact loading


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      The article presents a novel hybrid concrete composite which is produced by combining glass and basalt textiles for achieving enhanced impact resistance compared to their independently reinforced counterparts. A full factorial analysis was performed to determine the synergy of two types of textiles and theircombination on the impact strength and energy absorption. The two levels of key factors were considered for analysis such as the type of textile and impact energy level, and variance. The influencing parameters showed statistical significance with more than a 90% confidence level concerning impact resistance and energyabsorption. The combination of two textiles showed the highest impact resistance irrespective of the energy levels, compared to the use of single textiles. The findings demonstrated that the energy absorption of hybrid textile reinforced concrete is not significantly enhanced with the increasing level of impact energy. At the high levels of impact energy, in comparison to the hybrid textile reinforced concrete slabs and basalt textile reinforced concrete, more energy is absorbed by the glass textile reinforced concrete slabs. Thus, in hybrid textile reinforced concrete, it is indicated by the failure pattern that combining basalt and glass textile influences the degree of local failure. Therefore, this research emphasizes on the synergy to customize and optimize textile reinforced concrete with superior impact resistance and energy absorption for the protection of structures in theevent of impact loading.

    • Trait of subsidence under high rate of coal extraction by longwall mining: some inferences


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      Transformation in surface topography is a common phenomenon caused due to underground mining. With a view to focus outward, underground mining at a depth of 410 m although earlier considered as mothball is indispensable as on date to meet the production target. Subsidence investigation has been carried out over longwal panel no. 1 in Adriyala mine of Singareni Collieries Company Limited (SCCL) located in Godavari Valley Coalfield. The rate of face advance varied between 2.7 and 4.8 m/day. The present study envelops cementing relation of subsidence due to underground mining by longwall method with the active and old dumps, partially covered over the panel. Symmetric subsidence profile has been observed across the panel with higher angle of draw in dip side. Resettlement of dump led to higher vertical displacement and found to bean indispensable investigation for stability viewpoint. The angle of draw has been analyzed to be a controlling parameter with respect to the rate of face advance. The impact of subsidence on surface has been evaluated by constructing walls at maximum possible tensile zones and development of cracks after subsidence has been observed. Hydrogeological study has also been conducted, from seepage viewpoint, to evaluate the extent of damage in the strata for safe underground working. The investigation has been conducted during and aftermining, with and without release of canal water, to assess the influence of seepage in ground. The assorted subsidence and hydrogeological investigations can be applied to interpret the extent of damage and for comprehensiveunderstanding of the trait of cracks on the surface, in the strata and their continuity thereof.

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