Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education
Volume 10 Issue 7 July 2005 pp 2-5 Article-in-a-Box
Volume 20 Issue 9 September 2015 pp 769-787 General Article
Volume 24 Issue 5 May 2019 pp 547-559 General Article
Mutualism is a very special and rare kind of natural cooperativebehavior. A tradition practiced in some parts of sub-Saharan Africa is an interesting case of mutualism betweentwo very unlikely partners – birds and humans. Some speciesof honeyguides have developed a mutualistic relationshipwiththe African honey-hunters. Both species use a set of ritualisticcalls to communicate with each other. The birds guidethe men to honeybee nests and get rewarded in return as thehoney-hunters leave behind parts of the honeycombs for theirfriends. This mutualismhas been reported by several authorsand has recently been tested rigorously using robust scientificmethods. This article provides an overview of this interestingbehavior that has evolved and continues to be practicedin the forests of sub-Saharan Africa by tribes like the Hadza,Boran, and Yao.