• Z IQBAL

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Numerical study of entropy generation and melting heat transfer on MHD generalised non-Newtonian fluid (GNF): Application to optimal energy

      Z IQBAL ZAFFAR MEHMOOD BILAL AHMAD

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      This paper concerns an application to optimal energy by incorporating thermal equilibrium on MHD-generalised non-Newtonian fluid model with melting heat effect. Highly nonlinear system of partial differential equations is simplified to a nonlinear system using boundary layer approach and similarity transformations. Numerical solutions of velocity and temperature profile are obtained by using shooting method. The contribution of entropy generation is appraised on thermal and fluid velocities. Physical features of relevant parameters have been discussed by plotting graphs and tables. Some noteworthy findings are: Prandtl number, power law index and Weissenberg number contribute in lowering mass boundary layer thickness and entropy effect and enlarging thermal boundary layer thickness. However, an increasing mass boundary layer effect is only due to melting heat parameter. Moreover, thermal boundary layers have same trend for all parameters, i.e., temperature enhances with increase in values of significant parameters. Similarly, Hartman and Weissenberg numbers enhance Bejan number.

    • Numerical approach for stagnation point flow of Sutterby fluid impinging to Cattaneo–Christov heat flux model

      EHTSHAM AZHAR Z IQBAL S IJAZ E N MARAJ

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      The present study examines the stagnation point flow of a non-Newtonian fluid along with the Cattaneo–Christov heat flux model. The coupled system is simplified using suitable similar solutions and solved numerically by incorporating the shooting method with the Runge–Kutta of order five. The motivation is to analyse the heat transfer using an amended form of Fourier law of heat conduction known as the Cattaneo–Christov heat flux model. The influences of significant parameters are taken into the account. The computed results of velocity and temperature profiles are displayed by means of graphs. The notable findings are as follows. The viscous and thermal boundary layer exhibits opposite trends for Reynolds number, Deborah number and power-law index. The shear stress at the wall displays reverse patterns for shear thinning and shear thickening fluids. The Prandtl number contributes to increasing the Nusselt number while the Deborah number of heat flux plays the role of reducing it.

    • A numerical investigation of time-dependent MHD axisymmetric transport of Sisko fluid towards elongating porous disk

      TARIQ MAHMOOD Z IQBAL AZEEM SHAHZAD

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      In this paper, we examined the unsteady boundary layer flow and heat transfer of a Sisko fluid model over an axisymmetric stretching porous disk in the presence of uniform magnetic field. Mathematical modellingis performed in cylindrical polar coordinates. By means of suitable transformations, the governing time-dependent partial differential equations are reduced to nonlinear coupled ordinary differential equations. Shooting method with Runge–Kutta of order 5 is employed to compute non-dimensional velocity and temperature. The effects ofpertinent parameters are portrayed through graphs. The skin friction coefficient and Nusselt number are tabulated to study the behaviours at the stretching surface.

    • Performance of resistance in the variation on a nano thin film flow influenced by thermal deposition: The Buongiorno model

      E N MARAJ Z IQBAL JAMILA BIBI

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      In the current study, the flow of Casson liquid thin film, together with heat transfer towards a stretching surface extracting out from a narrow slit in the presence of a magnetic field, viscous dissipation and thermal radiation effects, is examined. The contribution of nanoparticles is investigated by employing the Buongiorno model. Mathematical modelling is carried out in the Cartesian coordinate system and similarity analysis is opted for simplification. The numerical analysis is performed in the reduced system using the shooting method. The effects of the prominent parameters are discussed using line and bar graphs. The key finding is that the temperature drop is prominent in the case of Casson nanofluid compared to the nanofluid.

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