Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Pfaffians of B-type Kadomtsev–Petviashvili equation and complexitons to a class of nonlinear partial differential equations in (3+1) dimensions


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      The aim of this paper is to investigate a class of generalised Kadomtsev–Petviashvili (KP) and B-type Kadomtsev–Petviashvili (BKP) equations, which include many important nonlinear evolution equations as its special cases.By applying the fundamental Pfaffian identity, a general Pfaffian formulation is established and all the involved generating functions for Pfaffian entries need to satisfy a system of combined linear partial differential equations. The illustrative examples of the presented Pfaffian solutions are given for the (3+1)-dimensional generalised KP, Jimbo–Miwa and BKP equations. Moreover, we use the linear superposition principle to generate exponential travelling wave solutions and mixed resonant solutions of the considered equations.

    • Lump solutions with higher-order rational dispersion relations


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      This paper aims to explore a kind of lump solutions in nonlinear dispersive waves with higher-order rational dispersion relations.We show that the second member in the commuting Kadomtsev–Petviashvili hierarchy is such an example, and construct its lump solutions, based on a Hirota trilinear form. The presented lump solutions have one peak and two valleys, where the global maximum and minimum values are achieved. A few three dimensional plots and contour plots are made for a specific example of the lumps.

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