• V Sridhar

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • First passage time on a multifurcating hierarchical structure

      V Sridhar K P N Murthy M C Valsakumar

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      Asymptotic behaviour of the moments of the first passage time (FPT) on a one-dimensional lattice holding a multifurcating hierarchy of teeth is studied. There is a transition from ordinary to anomalous diffusion when the parameter controlling the relative sizes of the teeth, is varied with respect to the furcating number of the hierarchy. The scaling behaviour of the moments of FPT with the linear dimensions of the lattice segment indicates that in the anomalcus phase the probability density of the FPT is multifractal.

    • Signature of chaos in power spectrum

      M C Valsakumar S V M Satyanarayana V Sridhar

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      We investigate the nature of the numerically computed power spectral densityP(f, N, τ) of a discrete (sampling time interval,τ) and finite (length,N) scalar time series extracted from a continuous time chaotic dynamical system. We highlight howP(f, N, τ) differs from the true power spectrum and from the power spectrum of a general stochastic process. Non-zeroτ leads to aliasing;P(f, N, τ) decays at high frequencies as [πτ/sinπτf]2, which is an aliased form of the 1/f2 decay. This power law tail seems to be a characteristic feature of all continuous time dynamical systems, chaotic or otherwise. Also the tail vanishes in the limit ofN → ∞, implying that the true power spectral density must be band width limited. In striking contrast the power spectrum of a stochastic process is dominated by a term independent of the length of the time series at all frequencies.

    • Characterization of chaos in a serrated plastic flow model

      S V M Satyanarayana V Sridhar S Koka

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      We report new results on a dynamical model of serrated yielding. These essentially pertain to the full spectrum of Lyapunov exponents of the non-linear (chaotic) model and fractal characterization of the associated strange attractor. The power spectrum of scalar time series extracted from the phase space trajectories decays exponentially with increase of frequency and the decay constant is found proportional to the Kolmogorov-Sinai entropy.

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