V S Tomar
Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics
Volume 28 Issue 5 May 1987 pp 517-527
A C Josephson effect is now used by several countries as the reference standard for the unit of d.c. voltage. This paper describes the work done at the National Physical Laboratory (NPL), New Delhi in the realization of the unit of volt based on the a.c Josephson effect. A voltage standard at 1 mV level using a Nb-Nb point contact junction has been established and the as-maintained volt based on a bank of standard cells has been intercompared against it using a 1:1000 voltage divider. The experimental set-up used in this comparison and the results of recent measurements are described. The overall uncertainty in assigning the value of emf to a standard cell is about 1 ppm. The as-maintained volt has been found to agree with the Josephson voltage within overall uncertainty.
Volume 29 Issue 5 November 1987 pp 1- Rapid Communications
Josephson effects have been observed in bulk samples of Y-Ba-Cu-O. The magnitude of the zero-voltage current is found to change systematically with externally applied small magnetic fields of a few mG. It is also found to vary when samples are irradiated with microwaves. These observations suggest the presence of inter-grain Josephson junctions.
Volume 32 Issue 1 January 1989 pp 83-88 Rapid Communications
Starting composition 1112 for Bi-Sr-Ca-Cu-oxide yields multiphase super-conductors with the proportion of constituent phases depending sensitively on the annealing temperature. The R-T curves show zero resistivity and the transition corresponding to
Volume 35 Issue 4 October 1990 pp 1- Rapid Communications
RF SQUID behaviour due to grain boundary weak links in a bulk YBCO is observed at 77 K using modified commercial rf electronics. Porous samples with low
Volume 36 Issue 2 February 1991 pp 243-243 Erratum
Volume 39 Issue 4 October 1992 pp 381-390
A 2-hole rf SQUID has been fabricated using naturally present grain boundary Josephson weaklinks in a microbridge of bulk Y-Ba-Cu-O superconductor. Periodic oscillations in voltage-flux characteristics have been observed up to 80.5 K. The spectral density of flux noise of the SQUID is 8 × 10−4 Φ0/√Hz at 100 Hz and 77 K for open-loop mode. The SQUID has been successfully operated in flux-locked-loop mode at 77 K, demonstrating the feasiblity of the device for practical applications. In the flux-locked-loop mode the stability as well as flux noise of the SQUID has been found to improve considerably as compared to that in the open-loop mode. Various SQUID parameters have also been estimated and reported here.
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