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      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Global stability analysis of axisymmetric boundary layer: Effect of axisymmetric forebody shapes

      RAMESH BHORANIYA VINOD NARAYANAN

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      This paper presents the effect of axisymmetric forebody shapes on the global stability characteristics of axisymmetric boundary layer developed on a circular cylinder. Axisymmetric forebodies like sharp-cone, ellipsoid,and paraboloid with a fineness ratio (FR) of 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5 are considered. The boundary layer starts to develop at a stagnation point on the forebody geometry and grows in spatial directions. The inflow velocity component is parallel to the axis of the cylinder, and hence the angle of attack is zero. The base flow is axisymmetric, nonparallel and non-similar. The linearised Navier–Stokes equations are derived in the cylindrical polar coordinates for the disturbance flow components. The discretised linearised Navier–Stokes equations along with appropriate boundary conditions form a general eigenvalue problem and it has been solved using Arnoldi’s algorithm. The global temporal modes have been computed by solving the two-dimensional eigenvalue problem. The extent of a favourable pressure gradient developed in streamwise direction depends on the shape of axisymmetric forebody. The temporal and spatial growth of the disturbances has been computed for axisymmetric ($N = 0$) mode for different Reynolds numbers (Re). The forebody shapes have a significant effect on the base flow and stability characteristics at low Re.

    • Global stability analysis of the axisymmetric boundary layer: Effect of axisymmetric forebody shapes on the helical global modes

      RAMESH BHORANIYA VINOD NARAYANAN

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      The effects of different axisymmetric forebody shapes have been studied on the non-axisymmetric (helical) global modes of the boundary layer developed on a circular cylinder. Sharp cone, ellipsoid and paraboloid shapes have been considered with the fineness ratio (FR) of 2.5, 5.0 and 7.5. The base flow is in line with the cylinder’s axis at the inflow boundary, and hence the base flow is axisymmetric. The boundary layer has developed from the tip of the forebody where a highly favourable pressure gradient exists, and it depends on the sharp edge of the forebody’s geometric shape. However, the pressure gradient then remains constant on the cylindrical surface of the main body. Thus, the boundary layer developed on the forebody and main body (cylinder) is non-parallel, non-similar and axisymmetric. The governing equations for the stability analysis of the small disturbances have been derived in the cylindrical polar coordinates. The spectral collocation method with Chebyshev polynomials has been used to discretise the stability equations. An eigenvalue problem has been formulated from the discretised stability equations along with the appropriate boundary conditions. The numerical solution of the eigenvalue problem was done using Arnoldi’s iterative algorithm. The global temporal modes have been computed for helical modes $N$ = 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 for Reynolds number $Re$ = 2000, 4000 and 10000. The spatial and temporal structures of the least stable global modes have been studied for different Reynolds numbers and helical modes. The global modes with ellipsoid were found the least stable while that of the sharp cone were found the most stable.

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