• UMER FAROOQ

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Soliton solutions of the generalised third-order nonlinear Schrödinger equation by two mathematical methods and their stability

      DIANCHEN LU ALY R SEADAWY JUN WANG MUHAMMAD ARSHAD UMER FAROOQ

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      The generalised nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLSE) of third order is investigated, which accepts one-hump embedded solitons in a single-parameter family. In this paper, we constructed analytical solutions in the form of solitary waves and solitons of third-order NLSE by employing the extended simple equation method and exp($−\Phi(\xi)$)-expansion method. In applied physics and engineering, the obtained exact solutions have important applications. The stability of the model is examined by employing modulational instability which verifies that all the achieved exact solutions are stable. The movements of exact solitons are also presented graphically, which assist the researchers to know the physical interpretation of this complex model. Several such types of problems arising in engineering and physics can be resolved by utilising these reliable, influential and effective methods.

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