Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Phase-function method for complex potentials

      A K Jana J Pal T Nandi B Talukdar

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      We consider the scattering problem for absorptive interactions within the framework of phase-function method. A Green’s function approach is used to derive the phase equation. As a case study we apply the algorithm presented on a shallow α-α potential, the real and imaginary parts of which have been deduced from experimental data. The real and imaginary parts of theS-wave phase shift are found to vary smoothly with energy while those forD andG waves show some fluctuations in the low-energy region. It is shown that studies in spatial behaviour of the phase function provide a plausible explanation for the dynamical origin of these fluctuations.

    • New modifications in 15 UD pelletron at nuclear science centre

      S Chopra N S Pawar M P Singh Rakesh Kumar J Prasad V P Patel Raj Pal B Kumar S Ojha K Devarani T Nandi M Sota P Barua S Gargari R Joshi D Kanjilal SK Datta

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      The 15 UD pelletron at NSC has been operational and performed well during the last 11 years. There have been major modifications performed for upgradation of pelletron system over this period. Major upgradations which have been implemented are new resistor network system for voltage gradient, doublet to singlet unit conversion for accelerator units, turbopump based gas stripper system etc. In addition accelerator mass spectroscopy program has also been started. A new multi-cathode source, Wien filter etc. have been procured and will be added soon in the system. An overview of the most significant upgradations undertaken and other activities for the system are being reported in the present paper.

    • Search for a viable nucleus–nucleus potential in heavy-ion nuclear reactions


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      We have constructed empirical formulae for the fusion and interaction barriers using a large number of experimental values chosen randomly from the literature available till date. The obtained fusion barriers have been compared with different model predictions based on the proximity, Woods–Saxon and double folding potentials along with several empirical formulas, time-dependent Hartree–Fock theories and experimental results. The comparison allows us to find the best model, which is nothing but the present empirical formula only. Most remarkably, the fusion barrier and radius show excellent consonance with the experimental findings for the reactions meant for the synthesis of super heavy elements also. Furthermore, it is seen that substitution of the predicted fusion barrier and radius in classic Wong formula (Wong,Phys. Rev. Lett. $31$:766 (1973) for the total fusion cross-sections agrees very well with the experiments. Similarly, current interaction barrier predictions have also been compared well with a few experimental results available and Bass potential model meant for the interaction barrier predictions. Importantly, the present formulae for the fusion as well as interaction barrier will have practical implications incarrying out physics research near the Coulomb barrier energies. Furthermore, the present fusion barrier and radius provide us with a good nucleus–nucleus potential which is useful for numerous theoretical applications.

    • On the time-scale of quasifission and Coulomb fission


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      The Coulomb fission may take place in a reaction if the maximum Coulomb excitation energy transfer exceeds the fission barrier of either the projectile or the target nucleus. This condition is satisfied in all the reactions used for the earlier blocking measurements of fission time-scale except for the reaction $^{208}$Pb + natural Ge crystal, where the time-scale is below the measurement limit of the blocking technique $\les$ 1 as. Inclusion of Coulomb fission in the data analysis of the blocking experiments leads us to interpret the measured time-scales longer than a few attoseconds (as) (about 1–2.2 as) due to slow Coulomb fission and those shorter than 1 as, as due to quasifission and fast Coulomb fission. Consequently, this finding resolves the critical discrepancies between the fission time-scales measured using the nuclear and blocking techniques. This, in turn, validates the fact that the quasifission and fast Coulomb fission time-scales are indeed of the order of zeptosecond (zs) in accordance with the nuclear experiment sand theories. The present results thus provide an essential input to the understanding of the fusion evaporation reaction during the formation of heavy elements.

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