• T GANESH

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Heavy ion fusion with lead and bismuth targets

      P S DAMODARA GUPTA H C MANJUNATHA N SOWMYA L SEENAPPA N MANJUNATHA T GANESH

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      The cold fusion reactions with lead and bismuth as targets were used in the synthesis of superheavy elements (SHE) with mass number up to 113. Researchers ignored the cold fusion reactions in the synthesis of SHE>113. This may be due to the improper choice of projectiles. The present study focusses on cold fusion reactions leading to the formation of SHE from Z = 112 to 126. Suitable projectiles for the fusion reaction using $^{208}$Pb and $^{209}$Bi targets were identified. The fusion and evaporation residue cross-sections are evaluated usingadvance statistical model. The produced cross-sections were compared with the available experiments. Suitable projectiles for synthesising the superheavy elementswith Z = 104–126 using lead and bismuth targets are predicted.The predicted production cross-sections vary from nanobarn (nb) to picobarn (pb). The use of spherical–spherical projectile and target yields larger cross-sections than spherical–deformed or deformed–spherical projectile andtarget combination.

    • Quasifission and fusion–fission lifetimes for successful and unsuccessful reactions to synthesise superheavy elements

      P S DAMODARA GUPTA H C MANJUNATHA N SOWMYA T GANESH

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      We have systematically studied quasifission (QF) and fusion–fission (FF) lifetimes for heavy ion fusion reactions which were used in the synthesis of superheavy elements (SHEs) 104 to 118 as well as attempted to synthesise SHEs 119 and 120 using the DNS model. The dependence of QF on energy, angular momentum, entrance channel parameters, deformation parameters and orientation angles are studied. The study reveals that QF lifetimes are larger for the successful reactions than for the unsuccessful reactions. It is also observed that the study of FF lifetimes of both successful and unsuccessful reactions will not give any clue for the reason of failure of experiments to synthesise superheavy elements. It is also observed that the QF process can be controlled by the projectile of lightly deformed or spherical nuclei. The present study finds the importance in selecting the projectile–target combination for the synthesis of SHEs with Z = 119 and 120.

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