• TN Ruckmongathan

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Driving matrix liquid crystal displays

      TN Ruckmongathan

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      Liquid crystal displays had a humble beginning with wrist watches in the seventies. Continued research and development in this multi-disciplinary field have resulted in displays with increased size and complexity. After three decades of growth in performance, LCDs now offer a formidable challenge to the cathode ray tubes (CRT).

      A major contribution to the growth of LCD technology has come from the developments in addressing techniques used for driving matrix LCDs. There are several approaches like passive matrix addressing, active matrix addressing and plasma addressing to drive a matrix display.

      Passive matrix LCD has a simple construction and uses the intrinsic non-linear characteristic of the LCD for driving. Departure from conventional line by line addressing of a passive matrix has resulted in improved performance of the display. Orthogonal functions have played a crucial role in the development of passive matrix addressing. Simple orthogonal functions that are useful for driving a matrix LCD are introduced. The basics of driving several rows simultaneously (multi-line addressing) are discussed by drawing analogies from multiplexing in communication. The impact of multi-line addressing techniques on the performance of the passive matrix LCDs in comparison with the conventional technique will be discussed.

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