• T K Jha

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • A relativistic mean-field study of magic numbers in light nuclei from neutron to proton drip-lines

      T K Jha M S Mehta S K Patra B K Raj Raj K Gupta

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      In an axially deformed relativistic mean-field calculation of single-particle energy spectra ofN = 8 (Li-Mg) andN = 14,16 (C-Mg) isotonic chain and the one- and two-neutron separation energies of various isotopes of Li-Mg, new magic numbers are found to exist atN = 6 andN = 16 and/orN = 14, which are in addition to theN = 8 andN = 20 magic numbers. In neutron-rich nuclei, the shell gap atN = 6 is larger than atN = 8 and a large gap is observed forN = 16 or 14 for the neutron-rich andN = 14 for proton-rich nuclei. Large shell gaps are also found to exist atN = 14 and 16 orN = 16 alone for nuclei near theβ-stability line. The above results are independent of the parameter sets TM2, NL3 and NL-SH used here. Similarly, new large shell gaps are predicted atZ = 616 and/or 14 for protons.

    • Shape change in Hf, W and Os-isotopes: A non-relativistic Hartree-Fock versus relativistic Hartree approximation

      Z Naik B K Sharma T K Jha P Arumugam S K Patra

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      We have investigated the ground-state structures of even-even Hf, W and Os isotopes within the framework of a deformed non-relativistic Hartree-Fock and a relativistic mean field formalism. A majority of the nuclei are predicted to be prolate in shape in the relativistic calculations. On the other hand, contrary to the relativistic results, we predict a shape change in a cyclic order in the non-relativistic calculations. However, in both the cases, the magnitude of the quadrupole deformation parameter agrees well with the experimental data. We also evaluated the hexadecapole deformation parameter for Hf, W and Os isotopes and irrespective of the shape change in quadrupole moments, we find a cyclic change in hexadecapole shape from positive to negative and vice versa in both the relativistic and non-relativistic formalisms.

    • Potential energy surfaces forN =Z,20Ne-112Ba nuclei

      M S Mehta T K Jha S K Patra Raj K Gupta

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      We have calculated the potential energy surfaces forN = Z,20Ne-112Ba nuclei in an axially deformed relativistic mean field approach. A quadratic constraint scheme is applied to determine the complete energy surface for a wide range of the quadrupole deformation. The NL3, NL-RA1 and TM1 parameter sets are used. The phenomenon of (multiple) shape coextistence is studied and the calculated ground and excited state binding energies, quadrupole deformation parameters and root mean square (rms) charge radii are compared with the available experimental data and other theoretical predictions.

    • Massive neutron stars and their implications

      T K Jha Keshab C Panda

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      Recent observations of high mass pulsar PSRJ1614-2230 has raised serious debate over the possible role of exotics in the dense core of neutron stars. The precise measurement of mass of the pulsar may play a very important role in limiting equation of state (EoS) of dense matter and its composition. Indirectly, it may also shape our understanding of the nucleon–hyperon or hyperon–hyperon interactions which is not well known. Within the framework of an effective chiral model, we compute models of neutron stars and analyse the hyperon composition in them. Further related implications are also discussed.

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