• Sudhir R Jain

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Semiclassical theory for many-body fermionic systems

      Pierre Gaspard Sudhir R Jain

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      We present a treatment of many-body fermionic systems that facilitates an expression of well-known quantities in a series expansion inħ. The ensuing semiclassical result contains, to a leading order of the response function, the classical time correlation function of the observable followed by the Weyl-Wigner series; on top of these terms are the periodic-orbit correction terms. The treatment given here starts from linear response assumption of the many-body theory and in its connection with semiclassical theory, it assumes that the one-body quantal system has a classically chaotic dynamics. Applications of the framework are also discussed.

    • Random matrix model for disordered conductors

      Zafar Ahmed Sudhir R Jain

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      We present a random matrix ensemble where real, positive semi-definite matrix elements, x, are log-normal distributed, exp[−log2(x)]. We show that the level density varies with energy, E, as 2/(1+E) for large E, in the unitary family, consistent with the expectation for disordered conductors. The two-level correlation function is studied for the unitary family and found to be largely of the universal form despite the fact that the level density has a non-compact support. The results are based on the method of orthogonal polynomials (the Stieltjes-Wigert polynomials here). An interesting random walk problem associated with the joint probability distribution of the ensuing ensemble is discussed and its connection with level dynamics is brought out. It is further proved that Dyson’s Coulomb gas analogy breaks down whenever the confining potential is given by a transcendental function for which there exist orthogonal polynomials.

    • An empirical approach to the theory of particle and nuclear phenomena: Review and some new ideas

      Raja Ramanna Sudhir R Jain

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      Experimental data on masses and lifetimes of unstable particles falls into a pattern, a brief review of some interesting consequences is presented here. From the experience in semiclassical methods and recent advances in quantum chromodynamics, it is proposed that an appropriate generalization of the Gutzwiller trace formula for field theories may lead to a systematic semiclassical chromodynamics theory. The theory can be developed to get appropriate dynamics leading to an explanation of pattern discovered in the empirical data.

    • Quantum chaos, thermalization and dissipation in nuclear systems

      Sudhir R Jain

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      Nuclei have complex energy-level sequence with statistical properties in agreement with canonical random matrix theory. This agreement appears when the one-particle one-hole states are mixed completely with two-particle two-hole states. In the transition, there is a new universality which we present here, bringing about a relation between dynamics and statistics. We summarize also the role of chaos in thermalization and dissipation in isolated systems like nuclei. The methods used to bring forth this understanding emerge from random matrix theory, semiclassical physics, and the theory of dynamical systems.

    • Raising and lowering operators for quantum billiards


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      For planar integrable billiards, the eigenstates can be classified with respect to a quantity determined by the quantum numbers. Given the quantum numbers as $m$, $n$, the index which represents a class is $c = m$ mod $kn$ for a natural number, $k$. We show here that the entire tower of states can be generated from an initially given state by the application of the operators introduced here. Thus, these operators play the same role for billiards as raising and lowering operators in angular momentum algebra.

    • Influence of quadrupole–quadrupole-type interaction on the chaotic dynamics of $\alpha$-helical proteins


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      By proposing a model Hamiltonian in the first quantised form we investigate the chaotic dynamics of $\alpha$-helical proteins by taking into account the quadrupole–quadrupole-type interaction. The dynamics is studied byderiving Hamilton’s equations of motion and by plotting the time-series evolution and phase-space trajectories. Chaotic trajectories are observed in the phase-space plots. The effect of the interaction parameters on the stabilityof proteins is also discussed.

    • A $\mathcal{PT}$ -symmetric simple harmonic oscillator


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      We consider a simple harmonic oscillator with non-Hermitian term and study it classically and quantummechanically. We conclude that this version of oscillator, which breaks parity and time reversal, displays all thefeatures possessed by the usual harmonic oscillator. In particular, we calculate its spectrum, adiabatic invarianceand Wigner functions, and show that there is a consistency between the classical and quantum descriptions.

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