• Sibel Gokce

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • A cellular automata model for ant trails

      Sibel Gokce Ozhan Kayacan

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      In this study, the unidirectional ant traffic flow with U-turn in an ant trail was investigated using one-dimensional cellular automata model. It is known that ants communicate with each other by dropping a chemical, called pheromone, on the substrate. Apart from the studies in the literature, it was considered in the model that (i) ant colony consists of two kinds of ants, goodand poor-smelling ants, (ii) ants might make U-turn for some special reasons. For some values of densities of good- and poor-smelling ants, the flux and mean velocity of the colony were studied as a function of density and evaporation rate of pheromone.

    • Investigating pedestrian evacuation using ant algorithms


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      Ants communicate with each other by depositing a chemical called pheromone on the substrate while they crawl forward. By this way, they follow their predecessor and large trail systems are built. Inspired by the communication via chemical signals of ants, we have proposed a model to investigate the collective motion in humans during an emergency. It is considered that pedestrians use some kind of virtual chemotaxis to find the shortest way to the exit. This basic idea is implemented with the floor field model which is the most popular cellular automata model. The dependence of the evacuation from a room on the virtual chemotaxis evaporating rate $f$ and the presence of the obstacle are investigated in this paper. The simulation results show that the increase in evaporation rate has been seen to slow down the evacuation. Moreover, it is found that positioning the obstacles in the room could lead to the phase transitions and decrease the evacuation time.

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