• Santanu Pal

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Chaos in intrinsic motion of nuclei and its role in dissipative collective dynamics

      Santanu Pal

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      We shall discuss the role of chaotic intrinsic motion in dissipative dynamics of the collective coordinates for nuclear systems. Using the formalism of linear response theory, it will be shown that the dissipation in adiabatic collective motion depends on the degree of chaos in the intrinsic dynamics of a system. This gives rise to a shape dependent dissipation rate for collective coordinates when the intrinsic motion is described by the independent particle model in a nucleus. The shape dependent chaos parameter measuring the degree of chaos in the intrinsic dynamics of the nuclear system will be obtained using the interpolating Brody distribution of nearest neighbour spacings in the single particle energy spectrum. A similar shape dependence is also found to be essential for phenomenological dissipation rates used in fission dynamics calculations.

    • Fission dynamics of hot nuclei

      Santanu Pal Jhilam Sadhukhan

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      Experimental evidence accumulated during the last two decades indicates that the fission of excited heavy nuclei involves a dissipative dynamical process. We shall briefly review the relevant dynamical model, namely the Langevin equations for fission. Statistical model predictions using the Kramers’ fission width will also be discussed.

    • Dynamical features of nuclear fission

      Santanu Pal

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      It is now established that the transition-state theory of nuclear fission due to Bohr and Wheeler underestimates several observables in heavy-ion-induced fusion–fission reactions. Dissipative dynamical models employing either the Langevin equation or equivalently the Fokker–Planck equation have been developed for fission of heavy nuclei at high excitations (T ∼1 MeV or higher). Here, we first present the physical picture underlying the dissipative fission dynamics. We mainly concentrate upon the Kramers’ prescription for including dissipation in fission dynamics. We discuss, in some detail, the results of a statistical model analysis of the pre-scission neutron multiplicity data from the reactions 19F+194,196,198Pt using Kramers’ fission width. We also discuss the multi-dimensional Langevin equation in the context of kinetic energy and mass distribution of the fission fragments.

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