• S M Bharathi

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Are nuclei withN∼43 deformed?

      CK Baba S M Bharathi B Lal

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      The level schemes of75Se and79Kr have been established through gamma ray and conversion electron spectroscopy following75As (p, nγe) and79Br (p, nγe) reactions. The data on these nuclei and the nuclei in the neighbourhood of this mass region are discussed and evidence is presented to show that the nuclei withN∼43 are deformed.

    • In-beam gamma-ray and electron spectroscopy following the75As(p, n)75Se reaction

      Y K Agarwal C V Baba S M Bharathi S K Bhattacherjee B Lal Baldev Sahai

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      The level scheme of75Se has been studied through the75As (p, n) reaction at proton energies from 1.5 to 5.0 MeV.γ-ray and internal conversion electron measurements were made using NaI (T1) and Ge(Li) detectors and a six-gap electron spectrometer. A proportional counter and a thin window NaI(T1) detector were used to detectγ-rays with energies less than 30 keV. The level scheme has been established by observing the thresholds of variousγ-rays and byγ-γ and e-γ coincidence measurements. New levels at 133.0, 293.2, 790.0, 953.0, 1020.8, 1184.3, 1198.5 and 1258.2 keV not observed in earlier (p, n) studies have been established. Conversion coefficients of most of the low-lying transitions have been determined. Angular distributions of some of theγ-rays were also measured and compared with the statistical model calculations. DefiniteJπ assignments have been made to most of the low-lying levels. Life-times of the 112.1, 133.0, 286.7 and 293.2 keV levels have been measured to be 0.69±0.12, 5.3±0.6, 1.35±0.15 and 31±2 nsec respectively. The reduced transition probabilities for various low-lying transitions have been determined and compared with recent calculations. The 1/2 and 9/2+ levels hitherto unknown in this nucleus has been identified. The structure of the low-lying levels is discussed in terms of the existing models.

    • Rotational bands in79Kr

      S M Bharathi Y K Agarwal B Lal C V K Baba M G Betigeri N G Puttaswamy

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      The level scheme of79Kr has been studied through the79Br(p,n)79Kr reaction at proton energies from 1·7 to 5·0 MeV.γ-ray and internal conversion electron measurements were made using Ge(Li) detectors and a six gap “Orange” electron spectrometer. The level scheme was established by determining the thresholds of variousγ-rays and byγ-γ and n-γ coincidence measurements. New levels at 402, 450, 660, 676, 695, 720, 810, 836, 907 and 1038 keV not observed in earlier radioactivity studies have been established. DefiniteJπ assignments have been made to most of the levels below 800 keV. Many of the low-lying levels are identified as rotational levels based on the (301 ↓) 1/2, (301 ↑) 3/2 and (431 ↓) 1/2+ Nilsson states.

    • Levels in74As from the74Ge(p,nγe)74As reaction

      B Lal Y K Agarwal C Vyyy K Baba S M Bharathi S K Bhattacherjee

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      The low-lying levels in74As have been studied by means ofγ-ray and internal conversion electron spectroscopy following the74Ge(p,n)74As reaction. New levels at 372.7, 532.8, 632.1, 731.6, 752.7, 758.3, 801.6, 902.9 and 1128.5 keV, not observed in earlier studies, have been established.Jπ assignments have been made to several low-lying levels. An earlier ambiguity regarding the identification of an isomeric level has been clarified. The half-life of a level at 271.4 keV has been measured to be 1.0±0.1 nsec; in addition, limits on half-lives of levels at 182.7, 277.5 and 425.4 keV have been assigned. The level structure is discussed on the basis of available nuclear models.

    • Elastic scattering of electrons by benzene

      J S Mahant Shetty S M Bharathi G Basavaraju

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      Relative differential cross-sections for the elastic scattering of electrons from benzene have been measured at incident energies 300, 500, 700 and 900eV and for scattering angles between 30° and 120°. The results are discussed and compared with the independent atom model (IAM) calculations. Two different sets of scattering amplitudes for the constituent atoms of benzene were used in these calculations, one obtained from first Born approximation and the other from partial wave analysis of the Dirac equation. Only the static interaction was taken into account in the calculations. The higher the incident energy, the better is the observed agreement between experiment and theory. This indicates that at higher energies, absorption, exchange and polarization effects are not significant as compared to the static interaction and that the IAM satisfactorily predicts the interference of scattering from the individual atoms of C6H6.

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