• S Lakshmibala

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Decays ofW andZ in the broken-colour model

      S Lakshmibala G Rajasekaran S D Rindani

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      The two-gluonic decay modes ofW andZ in the broken colour model with integrally charged quarks are considered. The gluonic branching ratios are found to be 3% and 2·7% forW andZ respectively. The angular distributions of the decays ofW andZ to two jets of hadrons are also worked out.

    • Higgs couplings in the integer-charge quark model

      S Lakshmibala G Rajasekaran

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      Colour SU(3) symmetry is broken spontaneously by the introduction of coloured Higgs scalars in the standard SU(3)×SU(2)×U(1) model, so as to make the quarks integrally charged. The resulting couplings of the Higgs bosons with the gauge bosons are worked out.

    • Baryon masses in the SU(4) skyrme model

      M S Sriram S Lakshmibala

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      We consider the SU(4) Skyrme model with explicit chiral and flavour symmetry-breaking terms. Using the masses of the 15-plet pseudoscalar mesons as the input, we calculate the masses of the 20-plet baryons. The baryon masses predicted by this model agree with results based on quark model to about 15%. We find that the generalized Gell-Mann Okubo mass relation is very well satisfied.

    • Stochastic dynamics in a two-level model of disorder: comparison of mean-field and exact solutions

      V Balakrishnan S Lakshmibala

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      Stochastic dynamics in the presence of quenched disorder (e.g., diffusion in a random medium) is generally treated in a suitable mean-field or effective medium approximation. While numerical simulations may help determine the accuracy of such approximations in specific models, there are relatively few instances in which analytic solutions are possible, to enable a precise comparison to be made with the mean-field results. We consider in this paper a simple but general model of quenched disorder in which a system variablex jumps stochastically between two valuesxa andxb. However, in each level there occurs with a certain probability a branch (or internal) state into which the system may fall, and from which a jump to the other level is possible only after a return to the original (or ‘active’) state. Four different configurations of the states of the system are thus possible, and the transitions between the states are governed by Markovian transition probabilities. The moments ofx and its autocorrelation function are computed in each case, and then configuration-averaged over the four realizations. This represents the exact solution. Next, a mean-field theory of the dynamics is developed: this turns out to involve an effective waiting-time density at each of the two levels that is non-exponential in time, so that the mean-field dynamics is a non-Markovian alternating renewal process. The moments and autocorrelation ofx are again computed, and compared with the exact solutions. The extent of the differences at both short and long times is elucidated, and a numerical comparison is presented for the case of maximal disorder.

    • Classical gauge theories as dynamical systems—Regularity and chaos

      S Lakshmibala Bindu A Bambah M S Sriram C Mukku

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      In this review we present the salient features of dynamical chaos in classical gauge theories with spatially homogeneous fields. The chaotic behaviour displayed by both abelian and non-abelian gauge theories and the effect of the Higgs term in both cases are discussed. The role of the Chern-Simons term in these theories is examined in detail. Whereas, in the abelian case, the pure Chern-Simons-Higgs system is integrable, addition of the Maxwell term renders the system chaotic. In contrast, the non-abelian Chern-Simons-Higgs system is chaotic both in the presence and the absence of the Yang-Mills term. We support our conclusions with numerical studies on plots of phase trajectories and Lyapunov exponents. Analytical tests of integrability such as the Painlevé criterion are carried out for these theories. The role of the various terms in the Hamiltonians for the abelian Higgs, Yang-Mills-Higgs and Yang-Mills-Chern-Simons-Higgs systems with spatially homogeneous fields, in determining the nature of order-disorder transitions is highlighted, and the effects are shown to be counter-intuitive in the last-named system.

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