• S Doraiswamy

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Microwave spectrum and dipole moment of pentafluorobenzene

      S Doraiswamy S D Sharma

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      With the idea of evaluating the dipole moment of pentafluorobenzene from a lowJ transition, its microwave spectrum was investigated in the frequency region of 8,000 to 12,400 MHz. The spectrum had been earlier observed by the authors in the 12,400 to 18,000 MHz region which needs reassignment in the light of present investigations. The rotational constants areA=1480·856±0·003 MHz,B=1030·066±0·003 MHz andC=607·496±0·002 MHz. The dipole moment is 1·44±0·05 D.

    • Centrifugal distortion constants of pentafluorobenzene from its pure rotation spectrum

      S Doraiswamy

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      The centrifugal distortion analysis of the pure rotational spectrum of pentafluorobenzene in the frequency region of 8 to 18 GHz involvingJ upto 54 has yielded the following rotational and quartic centrifugal distortion constants:$$\begin{gathered} A'' = 1480 \cdot 8665 \pm 0 \cdot 0026 MHz, \tau = - 1 \cdot 751 \pm 0 \cdot 20 kHz, \hfill \\ B'' = 1030 \cdot 0782 \pm 0 \cdot 0025 MHz, \tau _2 = - 0 \cdot 567 \pm 0 \cdot 066 kHz, \hfill \\ C'' = 607 \cdot 5152 \pm 0 \cdot 0026 MHz, \tau _{aaaa} = - 0 \cdot 765 \pm 0 \cdot 068 kHz, \hfill \\ \tau _{bbbb} = - 0 \cdot 612 \pm 0 \cdot 065 kHz, \hfill \\ \tau _{cccc} = - 0 \cdot 547 \pm 0 \cdot 068 kHz. \hfill \\ \end{gathered} $$

    • Two-photon excitation spectrum of benzonitrile vapour

      N Periasamy S Doraiswamy

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      The two-photon excitation spectrum of benzonitrile in the gas phase at about 1 torr has been recorded and analysed in the total energy region of 36300 to 40500 cm−1 using both linearly and circularly polarised light from a Nd-YAG pumped dye laser. The two-photon spectrum consists of strong Franck Condon (fc) transitions bearing a good resemblance to the one-photon spectrum and also vibronic coupling (vc) transitions essentially arising out of the analogue of the benzeneν14. By a comparative study of thetp spectra of various other monosubstituted benzenes, it has been inferred that the strongtp spectrum of benzonitrile should be ascribed to a considerableπ charge delocalization over the phenyl and nitrile groups.

    • Dielectric study of aqueous solution of acetonitrile

      S N Helambe M P Lokhande A C Kumbharkhane S C Mehrotra S Doraiswamy

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      Time domain reflectometry method has been used in the frequency range of 10 MHz to 10 GHz to determine dielectric properties of aqueous solutions of acetonitrile in temperature range of 0°C to 40°C. The calibration method based on the least squares fit method has been used. The excess permittivity, activation energy, Kirkwood correlation factor and activation energy of acetonitrile-water system have also been determined. The dielectric data show that acetonitrile molecules interact such that the dipoles have a tendency to remain antiparallel.

    • Structural study of aqueous solutions of tetrahydrofuran and acetone mixtures using dielectric relaxation technique

      A C Kumbharkhane S N Helambe M P Lokhande S Doraiswamy S C Mehrotra

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      The complex permittivity, static dielectric constant and relaxation time for tetrahydrofuran-water and acetone-water mixtures have been determined at 0°, 10°, 25° and 35°C using time domain reflectometry technique (TDR). The behaviour of relaxation time of the mixture shows a maxima for the mixture with 30% of water by volume. This suggests that the tendency to form cluster between water and solute molecule is maximum for this mixture. The excess permittivity for both tetrahydrofuran-water mixture and acetone-water mixtures, are found to be negative. The Kirkwood correlation factor has been determined at various concentrations of water. Static dielectric constant for the mixtures have been fitted well with the modified Bruggeman model. The values of the Bruggeman parametera for tetrahydrofuran is found to be more than the corresponding value for acetone.

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