Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics
Volume 88 Issue 5 May 2017 Article ID 0079 Research Article
Physics potential of the ICAL detector at the India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO)
A KUMAR A M VINOD KUMAR ABHIK JASH AJIT K MOHANTY ALEENA CHACKO ALI AJMI AMBAR GHOSAL AMINA KHATUN AMITAVA RAYCHAUDHURI AMOL DIGHE ANIMESH CHATTERJEE ANKIT GAUR ANUSHREE GHOSH ASHOK KUMAR ASMITA REDIJ B SATYANARAYANA B S ACHARYA BRAJESH C CHOUDHARY C RANGANATHAIAH C D RAVIKUMAR CHANDAN GUPTA D INDUMATHI DALJEET KAUR DEBASISH MAJUMDAR DEEPAK SAMUEL DEEPAK TIWARI G RAJASEKARAN GAUTAM GANGOPADHYAY GOBINDA MAJUMDER H B RAVIKUMAR J B SINGH J S SHAHI JAMES LIBBY JYOTSNA SINGH K RAVEENDRABABU K K MEGHNA K R REBIN KAMALESH KAR KOLAHAL BHATTACHARYA LALIT M PANT M SAJJAD ATHAR M V N MURTHY MANZOOR A MALIK MD NAIMUDDIN MOHAMMAD SALIM MONOJIT GHOSH MOON MOON DEVI NABA K MONDAL NAYANA MAJUMDAR NITA SINHA NITALI DASH POMITA GHOSHAL POONAM MEHTA PRAFULLA BEHERA R KANISHKA RAJ GANDHI RAJESH GANAI RASHID HASAN S KRISHNAVENI S M LAKSHMI S K SINGH S S R INBANATHAN S UMA SANKAR SADIQ JAFER SAIKAT BISWAS SANJEEV KUMAR SANJIB KUMAR AGARWALLA SANDHYA CHOUBEY SATYAJIT SAHA SHAKEEL AHMED SHIBA PRASAD BEHERA SRUBABATI GOSWAMI SUBHASIS CHATTOPADHYAY SUDEB BHATTACHARYA SUDESHNA BANERJEE SUDESHNA DASGUPTA SUMANTA PAL SUPRATIK MUKHOPADHYAY SUSHANT RAUT SUVENDU BOSE SWAPNA MAHAPATRA TAPASI GHOSH TARAK THAKORE V K S KASHYAP V S SUBRAHMANYAM VENKTESH SINGH VINAY B CHANDRATRE VIPIN BHATNAGAR VIVEK M DATAR WASEEM BARI Y P VIYOGI
The upcoming 50 kt magnetized iron calorimeter (ICAL) detector at the India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) is designed to study the atmospheric neutrinos and antineutrinos separately over a wide range of energies andpath lengths. The primary focus of this experiment is to explore the Earth matter effects by observing the energy and zenith angle dependence of the atmospheric neutrinos in the multi-GeV range. This study will be crucial toaddress some of the outstanding issues in neutrino oscillation physics, including the fundamental issue of neutrino mass hierarchy. In this document, we present the physics potential of the detector as obtained from realistic detector simulations.We describe the simulation framework, the neutrino interactions in the detector, and the expected responseof the detector to particles traversing it. The ICAL detector can determine the energy and direction of the muons to a high precision, and in addition, its sensitivity to multi-GeV hadrons increases its physics reach substantially. Itscharge identification capability, and hence its ability to distinguish neutrinos from antineutrinos, makes it an efficient detector for determining the neutrino mass hierarchy. In this report, we outline the analyses carried out for the determination of neutrino mass hierarchy and precision measurements of atmospheric neutrino mixing parameters at ICAL, and give the expected physics reach of the detector with 10 years of runtime. We also explore the potential of ICAL for probing new physics scenarios like CPT violation and the presence of magnetic monopoles.
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