Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Correlation between fractional independent yields and neutron-to-proton ratio of fission products in low energy fission

      A Goswami B K Srivastava Alok Srivastava S B Manohar Satya Prakash M V Ramaniah

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      Fractional independent yields of fission products in the thermal neutron-induced fission of233U,235U,239Pu,241Pu and in the spontaneous fission of252Cf have been correlated with the neutron-to-proton ratio of the fission products. The yields of the products from a fissioning system, when plotted as a function of neutron-to-proton (N/Z) ratio of fission preducts, fall on two Gaussian distribution corresponding to light and heavy fission products. The centroids of the distribution or the most probable value of neutron-to-proton ratio is found to be very close to theN/Z of the fissioning nucleus. From the most probable value ofN/Z the various parameters of charge distribution e.g. most probable massAp, most probable chargeZp, the mass dispersionσAand the charge dispersionσZhave been obtained and are in good agreement with the experimental values ofApandZp.

    • Recent radiochemical studies of the fission process

      Satya Prakash

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      This article summarizes the recent radiochemical investigations on mass, charge kinetic energy and fragment angular distributions in low energy fission of actinides.

    • Meyer–Neldel energy in Se-based binary and ternary chalcogenide glasses


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      The integral equations for DC conductivity and external conductance for the network of localised states in amorphous solids are solved by iteration method. The random free energy barriers and single polaron hoppingmodel are used to obtain the DC conductivity $\sigma_\rm{DC}$ and Meyer–Neldel energy $E_\rm{MN}$. The experimental estimates of optical band gap $E_\rm{g}$, dielectric function $\epsilon$, glass transition temperature $T_\rm{g}$ and $\sigma_\rm{DC}$ are used to calculate $E_\rm{MN}$ for Se-based binary and ternary chalcogenide glasses. The calculated values are found to be in agreement with the available experimental data. $E_\rm{MN}$ increases with increase of attempt frequency. The true pre-exponential factor $\sigma_\rm{00}$ is related to $E_\rm{MN}$ as ln $\sigma_\rm{00} = p − q E_\rm{MN}$, where $p$ is nearly 7.3 and $q$ is material-dependent. The calculated values of $E_\rm{MN}$ and $\sigma_\rm{00}$ suggest that DC conduction in these chalcogenides is due to acoustic and optical phonon-assisted polaron hopping.

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