Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Two-dimensional ion-acoustic solitary waves obliquely propagating in a relativistic rotating magnetised electron–positron–ion plasma in the presence of external periodic force


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      The characteristics of ion-acoustic solitary waves in rotating, weakly relativistic, magnetised and collisionless plasma system comprising electron, positron and ion (EPI) under a periodic external force, whose constituents electron and positron obey Boltzmann distribution, are investigated by deriving forced Zakharov–Kuznetsov (FZK) equation. FZK equation is constructed using reductive perturbation technique (RPT) which is based on multiple-scale analysis of dependent variables. The effects of physical parameters such as the ratio of temperature of electron and positron, the strength of external periodic force, positron concentration in electron background, ion temperature and magnetic field on the analytical solitary wave solution of FZK equation are observed. It is seen that the behaviours of ion-acoustic wave are significantly affected due to the presence of positron and the periodic external forces. The results of this work may be applied when the above-mentioned plasma environment is found in laboratory as well as in space.

    • Nonlinear analysis of the ion-acoustic solitary and shock wave solutions for non-extensive dusty plasma in the framework of modified Korteweg–de Vries–Burgers equation


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      The characteristic of ion-acoustic solitary and shock waves propagating in a non-extensive plasma is analysed using the framework of the modified Korteweg–de Vries–Burgers (MKdVB) equation. Employing reductive perturbation technique (RPT), the MKdVB equation is derived from the basic guiding equations andfurther, the equation is converted to a dynamic system using travelling wave transformation. Varying different plasma parameters, phase portraits for the MKdV system are drawn and using bifurcation theory of planar dynamical system, it is observed that the MKdV system may contain shock, solitary and periodic solutions. However, it is evident from the phase portrait analysis of the MKdVB equation that due to the impact of Burgers term, the system includes only the shock and solitary solutions. Initially, different patterned solutions of the MKdV equation are directly derived from the corresponding Hamiltonian of the system, and employing the weighted residual method(WRM), the approximate analytical solutions of the MKdVB equation are explored using the solution of MKdV equation as initial solution. These solutions come as a desired pattern that was predicted by the phase portraits. Finally, some graphs are depicted from a numerical standpoint by which the effects of physical parameters on wave propagation are well understood.

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