Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Synthesis and characterization of germanium monosulphide (GeS) single crystals grown using different transporting agents

      G K Solanki Dipika B Patel Sandip Unadkat M K Agarwal

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      This paper reports the growth of germanium monosulphide (GeS) single crystals by vapour phase technique using different transporting agents. The single crystallinity and composition of the grown crystals have been verified by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy dispersive analysis of X-rays (EDAX) respectively. Resistivity measurements have been carried out in different temperature ranges. Transport parameters, e.g. resistivity, Hall coefficient, carrier concentration and mobility have been measured at varying magnetic fields. All the experimental results have been explained.

    • A study of optical band gap in GeS$_x$Se$_{1−x}$ ($x = 0, 0.5, 1$) single crystals grown using chemical vapour transport technique


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      Two-dimensional transition metal chalcogenides like GeSe, GeS and SnSe are widely used in a variety of electrical and optoelectrical applications. Alloying becomes the most important tool to alter the structural, optical and electrical properties of the material. Here, efforts have been applied to grow the crystals of GeS$_x$Se$_{1−x}$ ($x = 0, 0.5, 1$) using iodine (I$_2$) as a transporting agent by the chemical vapour transport technique. The elemental confirmation of grown crystals was done by the energy-dispersive analysis of X-rays. The lattice parameters were obtained from powder X-ray diffraction patterns of all the grown compounds. For the optical study of grown compounds, UV–Vis spectroscopy was performed in the wavelength range of 700–1450 nm. The optical absorption process was studied in detail using the direct and the indirect transitions from two- and three-dimensional models. Moreover, band-gap modification by incorporating sulphur in different concentrations is studied. It is found that the band gap increases with increasing sulphur content in germanium selenide crystals.

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