• S Mukhopadhyay

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Mechanical prototype of tracking chamber in station 2 in dimuon spectrometer of ALICE

      P Bhattacharya S Bose S Chattopadhyay D Das P Datta T Ghosh N Majumdar S Mukhopadhyay S Pal L Paul P Roy A Sanyal S Sarkar P Sen S Sen M Sharan T Sinha B C Sinha

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    • Diode array pumped, non-linear mirror Q-switched and mode-locked Nd : YVO4 laser — a good tool for powder SHG measurement

      P K Datta Chandrajit Basu S Mukhopadhyay S K Das G K Samanta Antonio Agnesi

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      A non-linear mirror consisting of a lithium triborate crystal and a dichroic output coupler are used to mode-lock (passively) an Nd : YVO4 laser, pumped by a diode laser array. The laser can operate both in cw mode-locked and simultaneously Q-switched and mode-locked (QML) regime. The peak power of the laser while operating in QML regime is much higher but pulses suffers from poor amplitude stability. The incorporation of an acousto-optic modulator as an active Q-switch enhances the stability of the QML pulse envelope. The second-order non-linearity of powdered crystalline urea is conclusively measured with respect to KDP while the laser is operating in passively Q-switched and passively mode-locked regime as well as in actively Q-switched and passively mode-locked regime.

    • Evolution of giant dipole resonance width at low temperatures – New perspectives

      S Mukhopadhyay

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      High energy photons from the decay of giant dipole resonances (GDR) built on excited states provide an excellent probe in the study of nuclear structure properties, damping mechanisms etc., at finite temperatures. The dependence of GDR width on temperature (𝑇) and angular momentum (𝐽) has been the prime focus of many experimental and theoretical studies for the last few decades. The measured GDR widths for a wide range of nuclei at temperatures (1.5 < 𝑇 < 2.5 MeV) and spins (upto fission limit) were well described by the thermal shape fluctuation model (TSFM). But, at low temperatures (𝑇 < 1.5 MeV) there are large discrepancies between the existing theoretical models. The problem is compounded as there are very few experimental data in this region. At Variable Energy Cyclotron Centre, Kolkata, a programme for the systematic measurement of GDR width at very low temperatures has been initiated with precise experimental techniques. Several experiments have been performed by bombarding 7–12 MeV/nucleon alpha beam on various targets (63Cu, 115In and 197Au) and new datasets have been obtained at low temperatures (𝑇 < 1.5MeV) and at very lowspins (𝐽 < 20$\hbar$). The TSFM completely fails to represent the experimental data at these low temperatures in the entire mass range. In fact, the GDR width appears to be constant at its ground state value until a critical temperature is reached and subsequently increases thereafter, whereas the TSFM predicts a gradual increase of GDR width from its ground state value for 𝑇 > 0 MeV. In order to explain this discrepancy at low 𝑇, a new formalism has been put forward by including GDR-induced quadrupole moment in the TSFM.

    • Nuclear triaxiality in the $A \tilde$ 160–170 mass region: the story so far

      S Mukhopadhyay W C Ma

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      Research in nuclear triaxial deformation has revealed many exciting facts and figures over the last one and a half-decades. Although wobbling motion of nuclei was experimentally discovered at the beginning of the last decade, after almost 25 years of its prediction by Bohr and Mottelson, efforts are still being put to understand this rare nuclear phenomenon in greater detail. The concept of transverse wobbling is one such recent attempt which successfully explains the evolution of experimentally observed wobbling frequency with spin. The population of triaxial strongly deformed (TSD) bands in the $A \tilde$160–170 region is favoured for which neutron number ($N = 92$ or 94) is a topic of current debate. Experimental efforts are being put following Bengtsson’s calculations which indicate that the elevated yrast lines for $N = 92$ isotones favour TSD population. In $A\tilde$170 mass region, the ambiguity over the real character of certain strongly deformed bands has recently been removed by extensive experimental and theoretical efforts, and the bands have now been firmly established as either enhanced deformed (ED) or superdeformed (SD).

    • Erratum to: Nuclear triaxiality in the $A\sim$160–170 mass region: the story so far

      S Mukhopadhyay W C Ma

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