S G Ingle
Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics
Volume 62 Issue 5 May 2004 pp 1121-1128
It is found that the nucleation of domains can take place in Ba5Ti2O7Cl4 under the influence of temperature unlike in many other ferroelectrics. The nucleated domain can also be removed from the structure under the randomizing effect of temperature. These observations have been explained on the basis of a nucleation model of Ingle and coworkers suggested for KNbO3. Similarity of physical situation in KNbO3 and Ba5Ti2O7Cl4 regarding the existence of ordered point defects inducing nucleation of domains around them has been highlighted. This surprising similarity is suggested to be due to the physical processes occurring at the phase transition rather than due to any structural resemblance. The nature of nucleation occurring under the influence of temperature is shown to be identical with the nature of nucleation occurring under the influence of externally applied stress, and/or DC electric field. A new technique of identifying point defects responsible for nucleation of domains is reported.
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