• S Bhattacharyya

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Spectroscopic investigation of the Dergaon meteorite with reference to 10 μm and 20 μm bands

      A Gohain Barua B R Boruah S Bhattacharyya G D Baruah

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      Analysis of a part of the meteorite which fell at Dergaon (India) on March 2, 16.40 local time (2001) is presented with the help of FTIR, absorption and atomic spectra. The FTIR spectrum exhibits prominent absorption bands in the region 800–1100 cm−1, originating from the valence vibration of SiO4, a basic component of the silicate lattice.

    • Nature of the emission band of Dergaon meteorite in the region 5700x2013;6700 Å

      S Bhattacharyya A Gohain Barua R Konwar R Changmai G D Baruah

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      An emission band system in the region 5700–6700 Å from Dergaon stoney iron meteorite which fell at Dergaon, India on March 2, 16.40 local time (2001) was excited with the help of a continuous 500 mW Ar+ laser. The band system is attributed to silicate (olivine), a major component of the meteorite.

    • Impedance analysis of Bi3.25La0.75Ti3O12 ferroelectric ceramic

      S Rachna Surya M Gupta S Bhattacharyya

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      AC impedance spectroscopy technique has been used to study electrical properties of Bi3.25La0.75Ti3O12 (BLT) ceramic. Complex impedance plots were fitted with three depressed semicircles, which are attributed to crystalline layer, plate boundary and grain boundary and all three were found to comprise of universal capacitance nature $[C = C_{0}w^{n−1}]$. Grain boundary resistance and capacitance evaluated from complex impedance plots have larger values than that of plate boundary and crystalline layer. The activation energies ($E_{a}$) for DC-conductance in grain boundary, plate boundary and crystalline layer are 0.68 eV, 0.89 eV and 0.89 eV, respectively. Relaxation activation energies calculated from impedance plots showed similar values, 0.81 eV and 0.80 eV for crystalline layer and plate boundary, respectively. These activation energy values are found to be consistent with the $E_{a}$ value of oxygen vacancies in perovskite materials. A mechanism is offered to explain the generation of oxygen vacancies in BLT ceramic and its role in temperature dependence of DC-conductance study.

    • Long term performance evaluation of the TACTIC imaging telescope using ∼400 h Crab Nebula observation during 2003–2010

      A K Tickoo R Koul R C Rannot K K Yadav P Chandra V K Dhar M K Koul M Kothari N K Agarwal A Goyal H C Goyal S Kotwal N Kumar P Marandi K Venugopal K Chanchalani N Bhatt S Bhattacharyya C Borwankar N Chouhan S R Kaul A K Mitra S Sahaynathan M Sharma K K Singh C K Bhat

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      The TeV atmospheric Cherenkov telescope with imaging camera (TACTIC) 𝛾-ray telescope has been in operation at Mt. Abu, India since 2001 to study TeV 𝛾-ray emission from celestial sources. During the last 10 years, apart from consistently detecting a steady signal from the Crab Nebula above ∼1.2 TeV energy, at a sensitivity level of ∼5.0𝜎 in ∼25 h, the telescope has also detected flaring activity from Mrk 421 and Mrk 501 on several occasions. Although we used Crab Nebula data partially, in some of the reported results, primarily for testing the validity of the full data analysis chain, the main aim of this work is to study the long term performance of the TACTIC telescope by using consolidated data collected between 2003 and 2010. The total on-source data, comprising ∼402 h, yields an excess of ∼(3742±192) 𝛾-ray events with a statistical significance of ∼19.9𝜎 . The off-source data, comprising ∼107 h of observation, is found to be consistent with a no-emission hypothesis, as expected. The resulting 𝛾-ray rate for the onsource data is determined to be ∼(9.31±0.48) h-1. A power law fit (d𝛷/d𝐸 = $f_0E^{−\Gamma}$) with $f_0 \tilde (2.66 \pm 0.29) \times 10^{−11}$ cm-2 s-1 TeV-1 and $\Gamma \tilde$ 2.56 ± 0.10 is found to provide reasonable fit to the inferred differential spectrum within statistical uncertainties. The spectrum matches reasonably well with that obtained by other groups. A brief summary of the improvements in the various subsystems of the telescope carried out recently, which has resulted in a substantial improvement in its detection sensitivity (viz., ∼5𝜎 in an observation period of ∼13 h as compared to ∼25 h earlier) are also presented in this paper. Encouraged by the detection of strong 𝛾-ray signals from Mrk 501 and Mrk 421 on several occasions, there is considerable scope for the TACTIC telescope to monitor similar TeV 𝛾-ray emission activity from other active galactic nuclei on a long-term basis.

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