• Ranber Singh

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Phonon density of states in nanocrystalline57Fe

      Ranber Singh S Prakash R Meyer P Entel

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      The Born-von Karman model is used to calculate phonon density of states (DOS) of nanocrystalline bcc Fe. It is found that there is an anisotropic stiffening in the interatomic force constants and hence there is shrinking in the nearest-neighbour distances in the nanophase. This leads to additional vibrational modes above the bulk phonons near the bottom of the phonon band. It is found that the high energy phonon modes of nanophase Fe are the surface modes. The calculated phonon DOS closely agree with the experimental data except a peak at 37 meV. The calculated phonon dispersion relations are also compared with those of the bulk phonons and anomalous behaviour is discussed in detail. The specific heat in nanophase enhances as compared to bulk phase at low temperatures and the calculated Debye temperature ΘD agrees with the experimental results. It is predicted that the nanocrystalline Fe may consist of about 14 GPa pressure

    • Dynamics of hydrogen in hydrogenated amorphous silicon

      Ranber Singh S Prakash

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      The problem of hydrogen diffusion in hydrogenated amorphous silicon (a-Si:H) is studied semiclassically. It is found that the local hydrogen concentration fluctuations-induced extra potential wells, if intense enough, lead to the localized electronic states in a-Si:H. These localized states are metastable. The trapping of electrons and holes in these states leads to the electrical degradation of the material. These states also act as recombination centers for photo-generated carriers (electrons and holes) which in turn may excite a hydrogen atom from a nearby Si-H bond and breaks the weak (strained) Si-Si bond thereby apparently enhancing the hydrogen diffusion and increasing the light-induced dangling bonds.

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