• R P Patel

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Matched filtering-parameter estimation method and analysis of whistlers recorded at Varanasi

      R P Singh R P Patel Ashok K Singh D Hamar J Lichtenberger

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      The matched filtering technique is based on the digital-construction of theoretical whistlers and their comparison with observed whistlers. The parameters estimated from the theoretical and experimental whistler curves are matched to have higher accuracy using digital filters. This yields a resolution ten times better in the time domain. We have tested the applicability of this technique for the analysis of whistlers recorded at Varanasi. It is found that the whistlers have propagated along L>2 and have wave normal angles after exiting from the ionosphere such that they propagate towards equator in the earth-ionosphere wave-guide. High-resolution analysis shows the presence of fine structures present in the dynamic spectrum. An effort is made to interpret the results.

    • Ionospheric plasma by VHF waves

      R P Patel Abhay Kumar Singh R P Singh

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      The amplitude scintillations of very high frequency electromagnetic wave transmitted from geo-stationary satellite at 244.168 MHz have been recorded at Varanasi (geom. lat. 14′ 55′N) during 1991 to 1999. The data are analyzed to determine the statistical features of overhead ionospheric plasma irregularities which are mostly of small duration <30 minutes and are predominant during pre-midnight period. The increase of solar activity generally increases the depth of scintillation. The auto-correlation functions and power spectra of scintillations predict that the scale length of these irregularities varies from 200–500 m having velocity of movement between 75 m/sec to 200 m/sec. These results agree well with the results obtained by other workers.

    • VLF emissions from ionospheric/magnetospheric plasma

      R P Patel R P Singh

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      VLF emissions such as hiss, chorus, oscillating tones, hiss-triggered chorus and whistler triggered emissions have been observed at low latitude Indian stations. In this paper we present dynamic spectra of these emissions and discuss their various observed features. It is argued that most of the emissions are generated during Doppler shifted cyclotron resonance interaction between the whistler mode wave and counter streaming energetic electrons. Resonance energy of the participating electron and interaction length are evaluated to explain the generation mechanism of some of these emissions observed at Indian stations.

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