R N Karekar
Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics
Volume 17 Issue 6 December 1981 pp 453-459 Solid State Physics
A survey of previous studies on vacuum deposited metal films shows that in high frequency measurements, explicit reference to the effect of air-exposure is not made. The present work on bismuth films (
Volume 21 Issue 5 November 1983 pp 311-322 Solid State Physics
The refractive indices of non-chopped and chopped films of cryolite, MgF2 and mixed cryolite-MgF2, which is higher than the bulk value, measured using spectro-photometer, ellipsometer and Abeles method are observed to be higher than corres-ponding bulk values. Chopped films show a higher refractive index than non-chopped films. The electron diffraction study shows a more amorphous structure for the chopped films. The major part played by chop-time seems to be in increasing the initial minute’s-scale aging rather than settling of ad-atoms during chop-time. The observed dispersion curve shows that some unknown material other than water gives an important aging effect.
Volume 28 Issue 3 March 1987 pp 277-285 Condensed Matter Physics
The effects of various ambients on the non-chopped and chopped films of cryolite, MgF2 and mixed cryolite-MgF2, as measured by ellipsometer, are reported. The moisture decreases the refractive index whereas an increase is observed in air and other ambients. In all the ambient-aging the chopped films show smaller changes (nearly half) in refractive index than non-chopped films. Aging seems to be due to three main processes, a long-term adsorption-like surface reaction and two short-term reactions.
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