• R Kumar

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • High spin states in 63Cu

      B Mukherjee S Muralithar R P Singh R Kumar K Rani S C Pancholi R K Bhowmik

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      Excited states of 63Cu were populated via the $^{52}{\rm Cr} + {}^{16}{\rm O}$ (65 MeV) reaction using the gamma detector array equipped with charged particle detector array for reaction channel separation. On the basis of $\gamma-\gamma$ coincidence relations and angular distribution ratios, a level scheme was constructed up to $E_{x} = 7$ MeV and $J^{\pi} = 23/2^{(+)}$. The decay scheme deduced was interpreted in terms of shell model calculations, with a restricted basis of the $f_{5/2}$, $p_{3/2}$, $p_{1/2}$, $g_{9/2}$ orbitals outside a $^{56}_{28}$Ni core.

    • Phonon heat transport in gallium arsenide

      Richa Saini Vinod Ashokan B D Indu R Kumar

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      The lifetimes of quantum excitations are directly related to the electron and phonon energy linewidths of a particular scattering event. Using the versatile double time thermodynamic Green’s function approach based on many-body theory, an ab-initio formulation of relaxation times of various contributing processes has been investigated with newer understanding in terms of the linewidths of electrons and phonons. The energy linewidth is found to be an extremely sensitive quantity in the transport phenomena of crystalline solids as a collection of large number of scattering processes, namely, boundary scattering, impurity scattering, multiphonon scattering, interference scattering, electron–phonon processes and resonance scattering. The lattice thermal conductivities of three samples of GaAs have been analysed on the basis of modified Callaway model and a fairly good agreement between theory and experimental observations has been reported.

    • Probing of complete and incomplete fusion dynamics in heavy-ion collision

      D Singh Rahbar Ali M Afzal Ansari B S Tomar M H Rashid R Guin S K Das R Kumar R P Singh S Muralithar R K Bhowmik

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      Three different types of experiments have been performed to explore the complete and incomplete fusion dynamics in heavy-ion collisions. In this respect, first experiment for the measurement of excitation functions of the evaporation residues produced in the 20Ne+165Ho system at projectile energy ranges ≈2–8 MeV/nucleon has been done. Measured cumulative and direct crosssections have been compared with the theoretical model code PACE-2, which takes into account only the complete fusion process. It has been observed that, incomplete fusion fraction is sensitively dependent on projectile energy and mass asymmetry between the projectile and the target systems. Second experiment for measuring the forward recoil range distributions of the evaporation residues produced in the 20Ne+165Ho system at projectile energy ≈8MeV/nucleon has been done. It has been observed that, some evaporation residues have shown additional peaks in the measured forward recoil range distributions at cumulative thicknesses relatively smaller than the expected range of the residues produced via complete fusion. The results indicate the occurrence of incomplete fusion involving the breakup of 20Ne into 4He+16O and/or 8Be+12C followed by one of the fragments with target nucleus 165Ho. Third experiment for the measurement of spin distribution of the evaporation residues produced in the 16O+124Sn system at projectile energy ≈6 MeV/nucleon, showed that the residues produced as incomplete fusion products associated with fast 𝛼 and 2𝛼-emission channels observed in the forward cone, are found to be distinctly different from those of the residues produced as complete fusion products. The spin distribution of the evaporation residues also inferred that in incomplete fusion reaction channels input angular momentum ($J_0$) increases with fusion incompleteness when compared to complete fusion reaction channels. Present observation clearly shows that the production of fast forward 𝛼-particles arises from relatively larger angular momentum in the entrance channel leading to peripheral collision.

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