Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics
Volume 51 Issue 5 November 1998 pp 633-642 Quantum Optics
In many nonlinear optical problems, for example in down-conversion and four-wave mixing, the photons are generated in pairs. The strong correlation between the photons in a pair, characterized by either the correlations between operators corresponding to observables associated with individual photons, or the correlated state describing the two photons, may lead to various nonclassicalities. We discuss some of these nonclassical effects and their experimental demonstrations in nonlinear optical processes
Volume 77 Issue 4 October 2011 pp 633-653 Research Articles
A three-level atom in a 𝛬 conﬁguration trapped in an optical cavity forms a basic unit in a number of proposed protocols for quantum information processing. This system allows for efﬁcient storage of cavity photons into long-lived atomic excitations, and their retrieval with high ﬁdelity, in an adiabatic transfer process through the ‘dark state’ by a slow variation of the control laser intensity. We study the full quantum mechanics of this transfer process with a view to examine the non-adiabatic effects arising from inevitable excitations of the system to states involving the upper level of 𝛬, which is radiative. We ﬁnd that the ﬁdelity of storage is better, the stronger the control ﬁeld and the slower the rate of its switching off. On the contrary, unlike the adiabatic notion, retrieval is better with faster rates of switching on of an optimal control ﬁeld. Also, for retrieval, the behaviour with dissipation is non-monotonic. These results lend themselves to experimental tests. Our exact computations, when applied to slow variations of the control intensity for strong atom–photon couplings, are in very good agreement with Berry’s superadiabatic transfer results without dissipation.
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