• Putcha Venkateswarlu

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Transient excited singlet state absorption in Rhodamine 6G

      Putcha Venkateswarlu M C George Yerneni V Rao H Jagannath G Chakrapani A Miahnahri

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      Transient excited singlet state absorption (ESSA) has been studied in Rhodamine 6G in ethanol using a nitrogen laser and nitrogen laser-pumped dye laser. Broad absorption with several submaxima and possible shoulders, which represent the vibrational structure, has been observed in Rhodamine 6G in the region, 4175–4640 Å. The position of the lowest vibrational level of the first excited singlet stateS1 has been determined from the crossing point of the long and short wavelength spectral wings of absorption and fluorescence respectively. The energy level scheme of the molecule has been obtained with the help of the absorption and fluorescence spectra recorded. The observed structure in ESSA has been tentatively interpreted to be due to transitions from the different vibrational levels ofS1 to one or more vibrational levels of the upper singlet electronic stateS4.

    • Laser photoacoustic spectroscopy of iodine molecule: Single and two-photon absorption

      Putcha Venkateswarlu G Chakrapani M C George Y V Rao C Okafor

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      Photoacoustic spectroscopy of iodine molecule has been studied in gas phase using nitrogen laser-pumped tunable dye laser. The experiment yielded the vibrational spectrum corresponding toX1Σ+(0g+)→B3Π(0g+) transition up to the convergence limit. The photo-acoustic spectrum in the region 17580–18850 cm−1 is presented along with the vibrational analysis. Five of the vibrational bands reported earlier by Venkateswarlu, Kumar and McGlynn have been partially resolved and the structure of one of them has been analyzed and shown to be due to an overlap of (14, 2) and (12, 1) bands. The analysis was based on a comparison with the highly resolved spectrum of Gerstenkorn and Luc. The structure observed in the region 20200–20750 cm−1 which is beyond the convergence limit of the transitionX1Σ+(0g+)→B3Π(0u+) has been analyzed as due to two-photon absorption. Most of the bands could be assigned to two transitions both originating in the ground state and terminating in two different electronic states 1g andE(0g+), atTe=40821 cm−1 (orT0=41355 cm−1) andTe=41411 cm−1 (orT0=41355 cm−1) respectively.

    • Beam couplings and phase conjugate effects in reflection and transmission in BaTiO3

      Putcha Venkateswarlu M Moghbel P Chandra Sekhar M C George

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      The details of experiments showing the effects of self-pumped phase conjugation on reflection and on transmission in barium titanate crystal are given. The specular reflection and the second-surface reflection of an extraordinary polarized beam, incident on the face of the crystal parallel to itsc-axis, get reduced in intensity as the phase conjugation develops. It has been found that parts of the self-pumped phase conjugate beam emerge out of the crystal as additional transmission beams. They grow in intensity as the phase conjugation develops. Other measurements which combine coherent or incoherent coupling beams are presented and used to explain the observations.

    • Impurity mediated mechanism of photorefractive effect in BaTiO3: A combination of sangster and piezoelectric effects

      M D Sastry M Moghbel Putcha Venkateswarlu

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      An impurity mediated mechanism of photorefractive effect in BaTiO3 is proposed. The photoinduced changes in the relative concentration of Fe3+ in BaTiO3 results in an electro-optic coupling through a combination of the Sangster and piezoelectric effects. This is based on the examination of the extensive results on the EPR of Fe3+ in the BaTiO3 lattice. This model explains the improved photorefractive behavior of BaTiO3 on doping with Co2+.

    • Electron paramagnetic resonance studies of photorefractive crystals II: Fe3+ doped Bi12SiO20 with copper vapour laser illumination in 10–100 K range

      N K Porwal R M Kadam Y Babu M D Sastry M D Aggarwal Putcha Venkateswarlu

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      Photo-induced charge transfer and its kinetics were investigated in Bi12SiO20 in 10–300 K temperature range, using EPR of Fe3+ centre, underin situ illumination with copper vapour laser (CVL). The decay kinetics was found to follow double exponential behaviour. Relaxation of the photo-induced electron transfer to the preillumination condition occurred even at 10 K. Shallow traps were, therefore, associated with the electron trapping, leading to a better understanding of the fast photorefractive response of BSO.

    • Experimental evidence of photoinduced valence change of Fe3+ in BaTiO3 and mechanism for growth of new grating in depleted pump condition: An EPR investigation

      M D Sastry M Moghbel Putcha Venkateswarlu A Darwish

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      With a view to understanding the role of photo-induced valence changes of impurities in BaTiO3 in the phenomena of photorefraction, EPR experiments were conducted under in situ He-Ne laser illumination. These experiments gave evidence for photoinduced valence change of Fe in BaTiO3 at room temperature. The EPR signal due to trivalent iron was found to reduce in intensity with laser illumination The kinetics of the valence change has been investigated. Under large fringe width condition, the time constant of the decay is identified as the dielectric relaxation time τd. The changes in line shape on laser illumination to Dysonian form, appeared most predominantly in mechanically poled crystal compared to electrically poled single domain crystals. This demonstrated the possible role of domain walls and the defects there, as source or sinks of charge carriers on photo excitation. It is observed, that there is transient growth of Fe3+, when the laser illumination was put on, before its decay. This was attributed to charge transfer between electrons in oxygen vacancies and Fe4+. This predicted the growth of a transient grating under depleted pump condition in a two beam coupling experiment. This was experimentally proved by following the diffracted signal of the reading beam under the depleted pump condition.

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