• Prafulla K Jha

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Lattice vibrational properties of uranium pnictides

      Prafulla K Jha Sankar P Sanyal

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      Lattice vibrational properties of uranium pnictides have been studied using breathing shell model (BSM) which includes breathing motion of electrons of the U-atoms due tof−d hybridization. The phonon dispersion curves of U-pnicitides calculated from the present model agree reasonably well with the measured data. A comparison has been made between BSM and our results reported earlier obtained from three-body force rigid ion model to reveal the importance of the short-range electron-phonon interactions in these compounds. We also report, for the first time, the two phonon density of states and specific heat for these compounds.

    • Phonon properties of rare earth ytterbium pnictides

      Prafulla K Jha Sankar P Sanyal

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      We report for the first time the complete phonon dispersion curves for the ytterbium pnictide compounds (YbN, YbP and YbAs) using a breathing shell model to establish their predominant ionic nature. The calculated results also show that this group of rare earth compounds does not show any elastic and phonon anomalies which are the characteristic features of other rare earth compounds. We emphasize the need for further Raman and neutron scattering measurements.

    • Phonon dispersion in quasiperiodic semiconductor superlattices

      Sujata Rath Prafulla K Jha Sankar P Sanyal

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      The phonon spectra of unstrained and strained quasiperiodic semiconductor superlattices (QSSL) have been calculated using one-dimensional linear chain model. We consider two types of quasiperiodic systems, namely cantor triadic bar (CTB) and Fibonacci sequences (FS), constituting of AlAs, GaAs and GaSb of which the latter two have a lattice mismatch of about 7%. The calculations have been made using transfer matrix method and also with and without the inclusion of strain. We present the results on phonon spectra of two component CTB and two as well as three component FS semiconductor superlattices (SSL), thickness and order dependence on LO mode of GaAs, effect of strain on LO frequency of GaAs. The calculated results show that the strain generated due to lattice mismatch reduces significantly the magnitudes of the confined optical phonon frequency of GaAs.

    • Phonon dispersion in aluminium arsenide and antimonide

      Prafulla K Jha Sujata Rath Sankar P Sanyal

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      The phonon dispersion curves for aluminium arsenide and antimonide have been investigated by using a deformation bond approximation model. The results obtained from this model are compared with the experimental values wherever it is available. Since there is no complete experimental phonon dispersion curves for AlAs, we could not compare our calculated results, but the results of AlSb have been compared with the inelastic neutron scattering measurements at 15 K. However, we compare the phonon frequencies of AlAs and AlSb at critical points of the Brillouin zone obtained by our calculations and Raman spectroscopy measurements. This model predicts the phonon modes satisfactorily in all the symmetry directions of the Brillouin zone (BZ). The spectrum has similar features as observed in other III–V compound semiconductors.

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