• P S Narayanan

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Dynamics of H2O molecules in ferroelectric K4Fe(CN)6 · 3H2O

      P Kumara Acharya P S Narayanan

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      The infrared spectrum of potassium ferrocyanide trihydrate has been recorded both in the para and ferroelectric phases. From a combined study of the IR and Raman spectra, it is concluded that there are two sets of water molecules present in the lattice, one set being involved in stronger hydrogen bonding than the other. The ferroelectric transition appears to be associated with an ordering of the water dipoles.

    • Correlation of acoustic and thermal anomalies in ferroelectric crystals

      S K Khanna P S Narayanan

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      The Pippard-Janovec relations are derived for correlating the anomalous elastic coefficient and the anomalous specific heat near the phase transitions of ferroelectric crystals. These relations are verified in the case of ferroelectric triglycine selenate crystal.

    • Dielectric behaviour of anisotropic ionic crystals

      M R Srinivasan P S Narayanan

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      In the case of cubic ionic crystals Havinga has shown that the temperature variation of dielectric constant could be described in terms of volume and temperature effects. By extending his formalism to anisotropic, ionic crystals it has been shown that unlike in cubic ionic crystals where the volume effect consists of a change in the number per unit volume of the polarizable particles and their polarizability with volume, in the case of anisotropic ionic crystals, in addition to these, a variation in the anisotropy of polarizability due to uneven thermal expansion also has to be taken into account. This method of analysis has been examined by taking rutile as an example.

    • Laser Raman spectra of mixed crystals of [(NH4)1−x Kx]2 SO4

      V Srinivasan C K Subramanian P S Narayanan

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      The Raman spectra of mixed crystals of [(NH4)1−x Kx]2 SO4 in the region 50–3400 cm−1 at 293 K and below 223 K have been reported. At room temperature 293 K, as the concentration of K+ ion increases in the crystal up to 50%, the frequencies of the totally symmetric vibrations of SO42− and NH4+ ions increase and thereafter the frequency of SO42− vibration decreases and attains the value in K2SO4. This change in frequency up to 50% of potassium concentration is due to the breaking of hydrogen bonds of the type N-H...O. The behaviour of Raman intensities of Ag(v1) mode of SO42− for various concentrations (x=0, 0·03, 0·11, 0·5, 0·85) suggest that the phase transition changes from first order type to one of second order. The phase transition in mixed crystals of [(NH4)1−x Kx]2 SO4 can be a cooperative phenomenon arising from a coupling between (NH4)+ ions through hydrogen bonds with the distorted SO42− ions in the low temperature phase.

    • Laser Raman spectroscopic study of ferroelastic LiCsSO4

      B Raghunatha Chary H L Bhat P Chandrasekhar P S Narayanan

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      Lithium caesium sulphate has been reported to undergo a phase transition from the room temperature orthorhombic phase with space groupP cmn to a final phase with space groupP 22/n. Though a sharp anomaly in its physical properties has been found at 202.0;K, it was found that there was a need for careful investigations in the vicinity of 240 and 210.0;K. Since the changes in the crystal structure involve primarily a rotation of the SO4 tetrahedron about thec-axis and as this may be reflected both in the intensity and polarisation of the internal as well as external phonon modes, the laser Raman spectra of oriented single crystals of LiCsSO4 at different temperatures were investigated. For correlation and definite identification of the spectral features, its infrared absorption spectrum was also studied. An analysis of the intensities and polarizations of the internal modes of the sulphate ions reveals the change in symmetry of the crystal. The integrated intensity and peak height of thev1 line, plotted against temperature show anomalous peaks in the region of the phase transition. Differential scanning calorimetric study gives the enthalpy change ΔH across the phase transition to be 0.213 kJ/mol.

    • Wavelength dependence of phase conjugate reflectivity in absorbing media and thermal grating studies by four wave mixing

      R Krishna Mohan B Raghavendra Prasad C K Subramanian P S Narayanan

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      The development of optical phase conjugation using thermally formed gratings in absorbing media, especially the dye solutions, has besides the high efficiencies, many other characteristics which are worthy of study. Here the wavelength dependence of phase conjugate reflectivity in relation to absorption spectrum of rhodamine-6G and rhodamine-B in water, methanol and ethanol is reported. Further the Bragg condition has been verified for the dominant diffracted beam which shows that the thermal grating behaves like an optically thick grating.

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