• P I John

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Dispersion and spectral characteristics of crossfield instability in collisional magnetoplasma

      Y C Saxena P I John

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      Results on dispersion and spectral characteristics of crossfield instability in a collisional magnetoplasma are presented for different values of externally applied radial electric field. The dispersion relation obtained experimentally differs significantly from predictions of linear theory for strong electric fields.K-spectra for density and potential fluctuations follow power law with indices (−3·7 ± 0·5) and (−5·6 ± 0·6) respectively.

      At large values of applied electric fields, the main crossfield modes appear to give rise to a number of other modes possibly through non-linear wave-wave interactions. Large amplitudem = 2 mode displays strong sidebands indicating particle trapping by the non-linear waves. Non-linear wave-wave and wave particle interactions, thus, appear to play at important role in the saturation of the cross field instability.

    • Electron and plasma stream reflection at a nonadiabatic mirror

      D Bora P I John Y C Saxena

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      Experimental investigations of the phenomena occurring when low density electron and plasma beams are injected into a nonadiabatic magnetic mirror are presented. Effects of nonadiabaticity and mirror ratio on the reflectivity of the magnetic mirror are measured. Transition of the mirror from adiabatic to strongly nonadiabatic results in setting up of a potential barrier which enhances the reflectivity.

    • Enhancement of vacuum transmission of intense electron beam through cusp magnetic field using dielectric drift tubes

      P I John K K Jain

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      A technique for improving the transmission of intense electron beams through cusp magnetic field in vacuum using dielectric drift tubes has been demonstrated. The plasma produced by the material of the dielectric tube increases the transmission efficiency by a factor of four over vacuum values.

    • Rotating relativistic electron beam-plasma interaction and formation of a field-reversed configuration

      K K Jain P I John

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      Experimental results on interaction of a rotating relativistic electron beam with plasma and neutral gas are presented. The rotating relativistic electron beam has been propagated up to a distance of 150 cm in a plasma. The response of the plasma to the rotating electron beam is found to be of magnetic diffusion type over a plasma density range 1011–1013 cm−3. Excitation of the axial and azimuthal return currents by the rotating beam and subsequent trapping of the azimuthal return current layer by the magnetic mirror field are observed. A field-reversed configuration has been formed by the rotating relativistic electron beam when injected into neutral hydrogen gas. We have observed field reversal up to three times the initial field in an axial length of 100 cm.

    • Dynamics of a collisional ion sheath

      S Mukherjee P I John

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      Experiments on collisional ion sheaths are carried out by applying a pulsed negative bias on a disc electrode immersed in a collisional plasma. The pulse is characterized by a linear rise, followed by a constant voltage phase and then exponential decay. The measured currents to the electrode are compared to predictions from a dynamic collisional ion sheath model which is developed from the basic two fluid equations. The parameter determining the degree of collisionality is also defined. The agreement between the two in the rising and the flat top phases of the pulse is found to be good. Some residual discrepancies as well as the disagreement in the decay phase are discussed.

    • Dynamic sheath expansion and ion current in transient ion sheath experiments

      S Mukherjee K Avinash P I John

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      Experimental results on the measurement of current collected by an electrode immersed in a plasma for a pulsed negative bias are presented. The measured current is compared with a model based on the concept of an expanding capacitor. The scaling laws predicted by the model are verified for the measured current which agree each other. The paper emphasizes the role of displacement current in an expanding ion sheath.

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