• P Ch Sahu

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • A high pressure-high temperature cell for electrical resistivity studies

      Mohammad Yousuf P Ch Sahu K Govinda Rajan

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      A high pressure-high temperature cell which permitsin-situ pressure and temperature calibration is described. The cell is in an opposed anvil configuaration, and houses two samples with four probes each along with a miniature furnace and a thermocouple. The pressure and temperature capability of the cell are 100 kbar and 1000°C respectively. This cell was developed to study the electrical resistivity of metals and alloys at high pressure and high temperature. Bismuth was used to calibrate the cell. We report in this paper the design details and the performance of this cell. Ni has been chosen as a test problem and the observed behaviour is indicated to show the quality of data.

    • Phase transformation and electrical resistivity of tetracyanoethylene under pressure

      P Ch Sahu K Govinda Rajan Mohammad Yousuf R Mukhopadhyay S L Chaplot K R Rao

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      This paper reports the phase transformation behaviour of tetracyanoethylene (TCNE) under pressure as revealed by AC electrical resistivity, its time evolution and X-ray diffraction studies. An irreversible transformation from monoclinic to cubic phase occurs at 2.1±0.1 GPa and is indicated by a sharp resistivity drop at this pressure. The time evolution of resistivity studies indicate that this transformation occurs via an intermediate phase having resistivity higher than either of the two crystalline phases. Finally, the kinetics of phase transformations obtained by time evolution of resistivity is compared with the X-ray studies on the pressure quenched TCNE.

    • High pressure investigations on amorphous selenium

      N V Chandra Shekar M Yousuf P Ch Sahu M Mahendran K Govinda Rajan

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      We report the diamond anvil cell (DAC) high pressure powder X-ray diffraction studies on amorphous selenium (a-Se) under truly hydrostatic pressure condition up to 20 GPa. Amorphous selenium exhibits a sharp and irreversible transition to a hexagonal structure at 10.6 ± 0.1 GPa. It is also known that metallization occurs in a-Se around this pressure. Some plausible arguments are provided to suggest that the amorphous to crystalline transition may be driven by metallization.

    • Pressure induced phase transition behaviour in f-electron based dialuminides

      P CH Sahu N V Chandra Shekar

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      The rare-earth and actinide based compounds are endowed with several exotic physical and chemical properties due to the presence of f-electrons. These properties exhibit interesting changes under the action of various thermodynamic fields and hence continues to be a subject of extensive research. For instance, under pressure, the nature of f-electrons can be changed from localized to itinerant, leading to a variety of changes in their structural, physical and chemical properties. The present review on the high pressure phase transition behaviour of dialuminides of rare earths and actinides is an outcome of research in our laboratory during the last five years using a unique combination of a Guinier diffractometer and a diamond anvil cell built in-house. To bring out the correlations between the compressibility and structural behaviour with the electronic structure, we have also carried out electronic structure calculation. Further, the usefulness of Villars’ three parameter structure maps in predicting pressure induced structural transitions has been explored and this has been illustrated with the available phase transition data.

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