• O Akinlade

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Structural properties of undercooled liquid sodium and caesium

      O Akinlade B R Ijaduola U E Vincent G A Adebayo

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      Extensive theoretical results for the temperature dependence of the static and dynamical structure of undercooled alkali metals using Na and Cs as examples are presented. The static structural properties are obtained from the HMSA integral equations using pair potentials derived from an accurate non-local pscudopotential. The dynamical properties obtained from viscoelastic theory are compared with experiments and the results of memory function formalism. The study indicates that collective density excitations are more dominant in the undercooled region than at their melting points, and that the dynamical properties of Na and Cs exhibit subtle differences in their gross features.

    • Structures and autocorrelation functions of liquid Al and Mg modelled via Lennard-Jones potential from molecular dynamics simulation

      G A Adebayo O Akinlade L A Hussain

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      The structures and autocorrelation functions of Al and Mg in the liquid state are investigated through the pair distribution functiong(r), the diffusion coefficients as well as the shear viscosity via the Green-Kubo and Einstein relations. From the structure and the Enskog relation we determined the frequency of collisions of atoms in the first shell ofg(r) in the systems. We also discovered that the packing fraction of Lennard-Jones liquids should be approximately half the reduced density value. This approximation is accurate to within 99%. The temperature dependence of the pair distribution function and the atomic mean square displacement are investigated by performing simulations at various experimental temperatures and corresponding densities. The structures of the systems are affected by temperature via movements of atoms in the first minimum ofg(r).

      The Lennard-Jones model shows that density dependence of the shear viscosity is in agreement with what is expected of simple liquids in the range of investigated temperatures and densities. In the gas limit, the Stoke-Einstein relation =KBT/2πσ is grossly overestimated by Lennard-Jones model. This could not be attributed to deficiencies in the model, as other investigators using first principle method could not obtain the gas limit of the Stoke-Einstein relation.

    • Structure, dsingle-particle and many-particle coefficients of Lennard—Jones liquid Al

      G A Adebayo O Akinlade O A Malomo L A Hussain

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      We investigate the effects of temperature and density on the single-particle and many-particle coefficients as well as on the structures of homogenous systems in which the particles are assumed to interact via a continuous soft sphere potential in the microcanonical ensemble. The pair distribution function and therefore the structures of the systems studied are affected by temperature close to and above the melting point through migrations of atoms from the first shell in the pair distribution function.

      The dynamics of atomic pairs in the short-time regime in liquid aluminium may be said to be governed by the potential of mean force, which depends on the static structure of liquid Al at all investigated temperatures. A polynomial dependence ofD on density and temperature was observed in contradiction to Arrhenius law. The shear viscosities of the systems studied are largely nonlinear. It was observed that the soft sphere potential used in our calculations overestimates the Stoke-Einstein relation.

    • Structural properties of low-density liquid alkali metals

      A Akande G A Adebayo O Akinlade

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      The static structure factors of liquid alkali metals have been modelled at temperatures close to their melting points and a few higher temperatures using the reverse Monte Carlo (RMC) method. The positions of 5000 atoms in a box, with full periodicity, were altered until the experimental diffraction data of the structure factor agrees with the associated model structure factor within the errors. The model generated is then analysed.

      The position of the first peak of the pair distribution function g(r) does not show any significant temperature dependence and the mean bond lengths can be approximated within an interval of 3.6–5.3 Å, 4.5–6.6 Å, 4.8–6.7 Å and 5.1–7.3 Å for Na, K, Rb and Cs respectively. The cosine bond distributions show similar trend with the flattening up of the first peak with increase in temperature. In addition, the coordination numbers of these liquid metals are high due to the presence of non-covalent bonding between them. On the average, we surmise that the coordination number decreases with increase in temperature

    • Synchronization and basin bifurcations in mutually coupled oscillators

      U E Vincent A N Njah O Akinlade

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      Synchronization behaviour of two mutually coupled double-well Duffig oscillators exhibiting cross-well chaos is examined. Synchronization of the subsystems was observed for coupling strength $k > 0.4$. It is found that when the oscillators are operated in the regime for which two attractors coexist in phase space, basin bifurcation sequences occur leading to $n + 1$, $n \geq 2$ basins as the coupling is varied – a signature of Wada structure and final-state sensitivity. However, in the region of complete synchronization, the basins structure is identical with that of the single oscillators and retains its essential features including fractal basin boundaries.

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