• Nita S Kulkarni

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Design of a 10 MeV, 352.2 MHz drift tube Linac

      Nita S Kulkarni

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      A conventional 10 MeV drift tube Linac is designed as a part of the $H^-$ front end accelerator system for the future Indian Spallation Neutron Source. The front end Linac consists of a 50 keV H- ion source, low energy beam transport (LEBT), a 3 MeV radio frequency quadrupole (RFQ), and a 10 MeV drift tube Linac (DTL), which will be operated at 1.25% duty factor. Cell geometry of the DTL is optimized to house quadrupole magnets and to get maximum effective shunt impedance. Transmission efficiency and various other output parameters depend on the input design parameters. Beam dynamic studies are done to maximize the transmission efficiency with minimum emittance growth. Errors in the alignment of the quadrupoles inside the drift tubes or the DTL tank alignment with respect to transport line will degrade the beam quality and may reduce the transmission efficiency. Error study is performed to assess the acceptable tolerances on various parameters. This paper describes the 2D and 3D electromagnetic and beam dynamics simulations of the 352.2 MHz, 10 MeV drift tube Linac. Details of the DTL design are reported in this paper.

    • Three-dimensional simulation studies of 10 MeV, 352.2 MHz drift tube Linac

      Nita S Kulkarni

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      It is proposed to build a drift tube Linac (DTL) at Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology, Indore, India, that will form a part of the future Spallation Neutron Source. This DTL will accelerate 30 mA H-ion beam from 3 MeV to 10 MeV. The DTL is designed to operate at 352.2 MHz with a maximum duty cycle of $3$%. The DTL tank will consist of three sections, each about 1.2 m in length having 60 cells. The DTL has a ramped accelerating field, which is ramped in the first section of DTL from 1.8 to 2.2 MV/m and remains constant over the rest of the length of DTL. The field in DTL will be stabilized using post-couplers. The three-dimensional (3D) design of the DTL is done using CST microwave studio (CST MWS) incorporating the various nonaxisymmetric components such as tuners, post-couplers and vacuum ports. The frequency shifts due to these components have been evaluated. This paper presents the details of the studies and analysis of 3D simulations of post-couplers, tuners and vacuum ports.

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