• N M Reddy

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Analytical studies of gain optimization in CO2-N2 gasdynamic lasers employing two-dimensional wedge nozzles

      V Shanmugasundaram N M Reddy

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      An analytical method has been proposed to optimise the small-signaloptical gain of CO2-N2 gasdynamic lasers (gdl) employing two-dimensional (2D) wedge nozzles. Following our earlier work the equations governing the steady, inviscid, quasi-one-dimensional flow in the wedge nozzle of thegdl are reduced to a universal form so that their solutions depend on a single unifying parameter. These equations are solved numerically to obtain similar solutions for the various flow quantities, which variables are subsequently used to optimize the small-signal-gain. The corresponding optimum values like reservoir pressure and temperature and 2D nozzle area ratio also have been predicted and graphed for a wide range of laser gas compositions, with either H2O or He as the catalyst. A large number of graphs are presented which may be used to obtain the optimum values of small signal gain for a wide range of laser compositions without further computations.

    • Review of theoretical gain-optimization studies in 10.6µm CO2-N2 gasdynamic lasers

      K P J Reddy N M Reddy

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      A comprehensive theoretical analysis of optimization of gain in CO2-N2 gasdynamic laser employing wedge or conical or hyperbolic nozzles with either H2O or He as the catalyst is presented. After a review of previous work, the usual governing equations for the steady inviscid quasi-one-dimensional flow in a supersonic nozzle of a gasdynamic laser are used to obtain similar solutions for the various flow quantities, which variables are subsequently used to optimize the small-signal gain on theP(20) line of the (001) → (100) transition of CO2 at wavelength 10.6µm. The corresponding optimum values like reservoir pressure and temperature and nozzle area ratio also have been predicted and presented in the form of graphs. The analysis predicts that employing of 2D-wedge nozzle results in higher gain values and the CO2-N2-H2O gasdynamic laser employing 2D-wedge nozzle is operationally the best laser system for which the optimum value as high as 3.1 m−1 gain can be obtained.

    • Evaluation of downstream-mixing scheme for 9.4-µm CO2 gasdynamic laser

      P Chakravarty N M Reddy K P J Reddy

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      A theoretical analysis of a downstream-mixing 16-µm CO2 gasdynamic laser revealed the possibility of utilizing the downstream-mixing scheme for the generation of 9.4-µm radiation using a CO2 gasdynamic laser. The flow-field has been analyzed using complete two-dimensional, unsteady laminar form of Navier-Stokes equations coupled with the finite rate vibrational kinetic equations. The analysis showed that integrated small-signal gain of 11.5m−1 for Lorentzian broadening and 4.8m−1 considering Voigt function can be obtained for N2 reservoir temperature of 2000°K and velocity ratio 1:1 between the CO2 and N2 mixing streams. These results (presented in graphs) clearly highlight the large potential of downstream-mixing CO2 gasdynamic laser for 9.4-µm laser generation.

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