• N Goyal

      Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics

    • Magnetic phase diagram of anisotropic layered superconductors via magnetization measurements forHc in Bi2212

      A K Grover F Iga Y Yamaguchi N Aoki K Ino N Goyal Y Nishihara

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      The Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8 system is viewed as an archetypal of superconductors modelled as Josephson coupled CuO2 bilayers. The isothermal and temperature dependent DC and AC magnetization measurements forHc in a single crystal of Bi2212 have been performed. Qualitative changes are observed to occur over a narrow range of temperature values before reaching the superconducting-normal transition. The observed behaviour can be ascribed to the rapid variation in the strength of the coupling between the superconducting CuO2 planes (i.e., bilayers in the case of Bi2212). Strongly coupled planes behave like a 3D superconductor, whereas weakly coupled planes have a two component response attributable to 2D planes and interplanar couplings. We believe that this paper is a plethora of new findings. Our observations imply that resistivity across the planes becomes zero earlier than that within the planes. A new line (designated asH2D(T)) above which the change in the electromagnetic response is dominated by quasi 2D-planes has been determined for the first time. This paper also contains the first observation of Differential Diamagnetic Effect (DDE) in the In-phase AC susceptibility data which signals the onset (atT2D(H)) of dominance of response from 2D-planes. In addition to a host of interesting thermomagnetic history effects which are a consequence of interplay between the diamagnetic responses from the two components, a comparison of irreversibility lines (of the 3D state) determined by different methods on the same specimen of a HTSC is also being presented for the first time. We have come across Paramagnetic Meissner Effect (PME), first recognized in ceramic samples of Bi2212, in the temperature region of dimensional crossover in our single crystal sample, whichinter-alia confirms our labelling of the two component behaviour. A schematic phase diagram summarizing the various transformations that can occur nearTc in the electromagnetic response of an anisotropic layered system has been drawn.

    • Electrical properties of a-antimony selenide

      Sanjeev Gautam D K Shukla Shelly Jain N Goyal

      More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF

      This paper reports conduction mechanism in a-Sb2Se3 over a wide range of temperature (238 to 338 K) and frequency (5 Hz to 100 kHz). The d.c. conductivity measured as a function of temperature shows semiconducting behaviour with activation energy ΔE=0.42 eV. Thermally induced changes in the electrical and dielectric properties of a-Sb2Se3 have been examined. The a.c. conductivity in the material has been explained using modified CBH model. The band conduction and single polaron hopping is dominant above room temperature. However, in the lower temperature range the bipolaron hopping dominates.

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